Rag Desh Key Vocab

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Alap
Opening, improvised section of a raga, unmetered
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Jhor
Second section of the raga, medium tempo with improvisation
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Jhalla
Third section of a raga, lively tempo, virtuoso display of improvisatory skills, climax of whole piece
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Gat
Final section of an INSTRUMENTAL raga, fixed composition, only a few improvised embellishments
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Bandish
Final section of a VOCAL raga, fixed composition, in the form of a song
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Meend (or mind)
Pitch Bends
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Tan
Scalic flourishes
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Drone
Long, held notes
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Rag
Set melody from which the music is improvised
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Raga
Improvised music in several contrasting sections, based on a series of notes from a particular rag
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Tala
Rhythm, played on the Tabla drums
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Tabla
Drums, plays the Tala
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Tambura
Instrument used to play the drone accompaniment
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Bols
Independent rhythm parts that go against the mian beat of the cycle creating exciting syncopations
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Matras
Individual beats in a rhythmic cycle
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Sam
First beat of the rhythmic cycle
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Teental (or tintal)
Common 16-beat (4+4+4+4) rhythmic cycle
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Rasa
Mood created by the sounds of the pitches in a particular rag
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Timbre
Particular tone colour of an instrument or voice
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Instruments used
Voice, Sitar, Tambura, Tabla MAINLY
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Second section of the raga, medium tempo with improvisation

Back

Jhor

Card 3

Front

Third section of a raga, lively tempo, virtuoso display of improvisatory skills, climax of whole piece

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Final section of an INSTRUMENTAL raga, fixed composition, only a few improvised embellishments

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Final section of a VOCAL raga, fixed composition, in the form of a song

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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