Radicalism under Nicolas the second

HideShow resource information
What were banned before 1905?
Political parties
1 of 56
What were Nationalist politial parties?
Parties from countries within the empire that wanted independence from Russia
2 of 56
Give an example of a Nationalist political group
The Poles
3 of 56
What did populists see peasants as?
The political basis of future society
4 of 56
What did the populists want?
The dissolution of the Tsarist rule and a new form of government based on peasant communes, they disliked development and wanted gradually for the main government to fade away
5 of 56
Who heavily influenced the Populist movement?
Alexander Herzen
6 of 56
Who were the leading thinkers behind Populism? (what class)
The educated middle class
7 of 56
What happened over time to Populism?
As its members were arrested and imprisoned, it became more radical, leading to groups sucha s the people's will.
8 of 56
Name a famous Populist group
The People's will
9 of 56
Out of Populism, what two key groups were created?
The Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Social Revolutionaries (SR)
10 of 56
When was the Social Democratic Party founded?
1898
11 of 56
When was the Social Revolutionaries formed?
1901
12 of 56
Who were the SR's lead by?
Victor Chernov
13 of 56
What did the SR's believe?
That the future of Russia lay with the people
14 of 56
Who were the Russian people in Chernov's eyes?
The workers and peasantry
15 of 56
What did the SR's promise the peasantry?
That if they came to power, they would give the peasants their own land back without compensation to the gentry, as happened with emancipation
16 of 56
What was a downside to the SR's?
They were not a tightly knit party and were made up of many divided factions
17 of 56
What was the terrorist wing of the SR's called?
The combat organisation
18 of 56
Name two people that the combat organisation of the SR's killed
Minister of the interior Plehve and the Tsar's uncle- Grand Duke Sergei
19 of 56
What did the left faction of the SR's want?
A form of peasant socialism
20 of 56
In 1917 what did the left side of the SR's do?
Joined with the Bolshevik fatcion of the SDP to create the first communist government.
21 of 56
Who were the Anorchists and what did they want?
They were a faction of the SR's and they wanted independent peasant communes
22 of 56
Which was the largest of the radical parties?
The Social Revolutionaries
23 of 56
How heavy a role did the SR's play in the 1905 revolution?
A significant one. They supported peasant uprsings.
24 of 56
What did the SR's create during the revolution and at what point in the revolution did they create it?
At the height of the revolution the SR's created the All-Russian Union of Peasants
25 of 56
When was the All-Russian Union of Peasants first congress?
1906
26 of 56
What did the All-Russian Union of Peasants call for?
Peasant ownership of land
27 of 56
What was the SR's most popular policy?
That the peasantry should own their own land
28 of 56
What political theorist did the Social Democratic party look to for inspiration?
Karl Marx (Marxism)
29 of 56
What did the SDP think needed to happen in Russia for Marxism to succeed?
Industrialisation
30 of 56
What did the SDP think of Witte's policies?
That they were aiding the industrialisation of Russia and preparing it for a revolution where marxism would be introduced.
31 of 56
What did the SDP want?
A socialist revolution
32 of 56
Who was a key member of the Social Democrats before 1905?
Vladimir Lenin
33 of 56
What did Lenin publish in 1902?
A pamphlet titled "what is to be done?"
34 of 56
What did the pamphlet "What is to be done?" outline?
Lenin's plan for the creation of a radical party of revolutionaries who would lead Russia into socialist revolution
35 of 56
Where and at what date was the second Social Democratic Party congress held and why?
1903 in London as most of the members of the SDP were exiled and living abroad
36 of 56
What was the Okhrana?
The secret police
37 of 56
What happened at the second SDP party congress?
The idea of a party split into the two factions- Bolsheviks and Mensheviks was raised.
38 of 56
Who caused the split of factions?
Lenin as he wanted to limit the membership of the party to those who wanted to initiate a socialist revolution
39 of 56
What did the Mensheviks want in regard to membership of the SDP?
Whoever shared the same aims as them could join them
40 of 56
What happened to create two factions in the SDP?
The Jewish Bund faction left and Lenin again raised the question
41 of 56
What does Bolsheviks mean?
Majority
42 of 56
What does Mensheviks mean?
Minority
43 of 56
What were the Kulaks?
The rich peasants
44 of 56
When was the Zemstva created?
During the reign of Alexander II
45 of 56
What were Zemstva?
The first political organisation in Russia that contained elected officials
46 of 56
Name one way Russian liberalism was allowed to develop
Through the zemstva
47 of 56
What organisation did a number of political exiles create?
The Union of Liberation
48 of 56
What political stance was the Union of Liberation?
Liberals
49 of 56
What two political groups were created after the 1905 revolution?
The Octobrists and The Kadets
50 of 56
What was the main thing that the October Manifesto suggested?
That a national parliament be created.
51 of 56
What did the Octobrists think of the October Manifesto?
That it provided the best settlement for Russian constitutional development
52 of 56
Where the Octoberists supporters or opposition to Nicholas II?
They supported him
53 of 56
What is the full name for the Kadets?
The Constitutional Democrats
54 of 56
What was the most radical liberal group?
Kadets
55 of 56
What did the Kadets see the manifesto proposing a parliament as?
The start, but only the beginning of political reform
56 of 56

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were Nationalist politial parties?

Back

Parties from countries within the empire that wanted independence from Russia

Card 3

Front

Give an example of a Nationalist political group

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did populists see peasants as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the populists want?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »