Radicalisation in 1791 and 1792

When was the Flight to Varennes?
June 1791
1 of 15
What was the Flight to Varennes?
Louis and the rest of the royal family wanted to flee France and get to Austria, where they would be helped by Marie Antoinette's family. The National Guard were called to Varennes after Louis was spotted and the royal family was arrested.
2 of 15
What caused the flight to Varennes?
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy meant that Louis could not attend Easter mass because his priest had been deported. His support in the CA was waning after the death of Mirabeau, causing Louis to flee.
3 of 15
What were the outcomes of the Flight to Varennes in the Constituent Assembly?
The radical Jacobins and the Cordeliers were calling for the King's abdication- the Constituent Assembly decided to suspend all of Louis' powers as punishment. 30,000 people marched on the Assembly to demand Louis' removal.
4 of 15
When and what was the Champs de Mars massacre?
In July 1791, a large crowd of either 6,000 or 50,000 people gathered to sign a Cordelier petition calling for the removal of the king. A riot ensued, and the 10,000 NG fired into the crowd, killing 60.
5 of 15
What were the outcomes of the Champs de Mars massacre?
The Constituent Assembly clamped down on radical activity- printing presses were shut down and radical journalists like Desmoulins and Marat were forced into hiding. The Paris Commune also declared martial law.
6 of 15
What was the Declaration of Pillnitz?
In August 1791, Leopold II declared that he would be willing to reinstate absolutism in France if revolutionary activity became too popular- this was, however, a face-saver.
7 of 15
What were Brissot's arguments for a war with Austria?
1) it would flush out all those not loyal to the revolution 2) people of neighbouring states were waiting to be liberated 3) if France didn't strike first, all the monarchical great powers of Europe would invade.
8 of 15
Why did Louis and Lafayette want a war?
Louis wanted the Austrians to restore him to the throne, and Lafayette wanted to regain his reputation after the Champs de Mars massacre.
9 of 15
When did France declare war on Austria?
20th April 1792- beginning the French Revolutionary Wars.
10 of 15
How many soldiers deserted their posts by the end of 1791, and why?
3,000, because they refused to swear an oath of loyalty to the Assembly.
11 of 15
Which laws did Louis refuse to sanction?
April 1792: all refractory priests to be deported, and Louis' guard to be disbanded. June 1792: a law calling for a federes army of 20,000 National Guard.
12 of 15
What was the result of Louis' use of his veto?
journee of 20th June 1792- 8,000 sans-culottes stormed the Assembly, demanding that Louis undo his vetoes- Louis refused. In July, the Assembly removed Louis' right to veto.
13 of 15
What was the Brunswick Manifesto? (July 1792)
Prussian Duke of Brunswick promised freedom to those who did not oppose his army, and oppression to those who harmed the royal family.
14 of 15
What was the outcome of the Brunswick Manifesto?
The journee of 10th August 1792; 30,000 sans-culottes and National Guardsmen marched on the Tuileries and slaughtered 600 Swiss Guard; Louis was arrested. Bourgeois Paris Commune was expelled and replaced with a revolutionary council.
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Flight to Varennes?

Back

Louis and the rest of the royal family wanted to flee France and get to Austria, where they would be helped by Marie Antoinette's family. The National Guard were called to Varennes after Louis was spotted and the royal family was arrested.

Card 3

Front

What caused the flight to Varennes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the outcomes of the Flight to Varennes in the Constituent Assembly?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When and what was the Champs de Mars massacre?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all french rev resources »