Racial persecution of the Jews and other alien groups, e.g gypsies,

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 02-03-14 12:52
What term did Hitler use to describe how he felt about different species and what did this term mean?
Social Darwinism- that the fittest and strongest survived and the weak or vulnerable dies out,
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What type of person did Hitler believe was the strongest and why?
Aryans as they were the strongest and the superior race due to their intelligence, capacity to work hard and their sacrifice to their country,
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Why did he believe Germany lost WW1?
As the German nation had been divided and weakened and he felt the Jews had forced Germany to surrender,
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Why is their a shortage of Aryans and how will they increase numbers?
Alot of Aryans were killed in WW1 so Aryans were encouraged to reproduce with other aryans and other breeds were meant to stop,
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What is the term used to describe the hatred of Jews?
Anti-Semitism,
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What percenatge of Jews made up the German population and what percentage of them were is professions of lawyers, bankers and how many doctors?
In 1933, Jews made up less than 1%, 16% lawyers, 17% bankers and 10,000 doctors,
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Many who voted for the Nazi party, did they believe the Nazi's would act out on their Jewish ideas and what did the Jewish think?
Many believed they wouldn't and neither did Jews- some even supported the party,
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What two things did the Nazi's do that made it clear they would carry out their ideas?
They boycotted all Jewish businesses and the Nazi press poured out Anti-Jewish propaganda like it had been doing for the past ten years,
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In 1935, what law was passes and what two laws were with this law and what did it state?
The Nuremburg Laws- The law of the Protection of German Blood and Honour-banned marriages between Jews and Aryans and banned sexual activities outside of marriage, The Reich Citizenship Law made Jews subjects, nit people so they had no legal rights,
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In 1936, why was there a lull in the persecution of Jews?
As it was the Berlin Games and all Jewish propaganda was removed to show people how great G was,
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In 1937, what did Hilter and what did this lead to for Jewish businesses?
Hitler spoke out againts the Jews and Jewish businesses were seized by Nazis
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What was forbidden in June-July of 1938?
Doctor, Lawyers and dentists were forbidden to treat Aryans,
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In October 1938, what did Jews have to have done in their passports?
They had to have a red letter 'J' stamped into it,
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What was the name of what happened in November 1938 and why did it occur?
Kristallnacht, or the Night of Broken Glass which happened after a Jewish shcool boy shot and killed a German embassy official in Paris. Goebbels announced that there should be 'demonsrations' against the Jews
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What happened on the Night of the 9th November? How many homes and businesses destryoed? How many Jews were arrested and killed?
Violence- led to 8,000 Jewish homes and businesses destroyed and most of Jewish synagogues were destroyed. 100 Jews were killed and 20,000 were arrested,
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What kind of property was damaged so what did the Nazi's force the Jews to do?
The properties wer mainly German owners homes which were rented out by Jews and the Nazi's forced the Jews to pay 1 million Reichmarks to pay for the damage,
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In 1939, what were the Jews encouraged to do and why didn'y some do it? How many Jews men and boys were arrested and sent to concentration camps in 1939?
They were encoruaged to emigrate but not all could afford to. Nearlyu 30,000 Jewish men and boys were sent to concentration camps,
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What did Germans see as alien groups other than Jews?
Gypsies, tramps/homeless, drunks, homosexuals, blacks, mentally and physically handicapped,
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Why were tramps and handicapped people seen as a burden? What were Aryans seen as?
They were seen as 'burden on society' as they weren'y useful to Germany. the Ideal germans were 'socially' useful in that they had a job and contributed to German life,
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Why did the Nazi's fear gypsies? How many Gypsies were there in Germany and what law did they pass?
As they failed two of their tests, they were non-aryan and were 'work-shy'. There were 30,000 gypsies and the Nurmeburg laws applied to them also- they were not citizens any more but subjects and it was forbidden for them to marry Aryans,
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In 1938, what decree was placed against gypsies and what was its aim?
The decree for the 'Struggle against the Gypsy plague' where all Gypsies needed to be registered to ensure the racial seperation of gypsies from Aryans,
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Card 2

Front

What type of person did Hitler believe was the strongest and why?

Back

Aryans as they were the strongest and the superior race due to their intelligence, capacity to work hard and their sacrifice to their country,

Card 3

Front

Why did he believe Germany lost WW1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why is their a shortage of Aryans and how will they increase numbers?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the term used to describe the hatred of Jews?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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