1. What is cracking?
- Crude oil is separated into different fractions, with a similar number of carbon atoms
- Burning fuel to make energy
- Breaking large hydrocarbons into smaller, more useful hydrocarbons as well as an alkene, which is used for polmerisation
- Making small hydrocarbons into bigger hydrocarbons
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2. During fractional distillation...
- crude oil stays as crude oil
- substances with high boiling points condense at the bottom and substances with lower boiling points condense at the top
- substances with low boiling points condense at the bottom and substances with high boiling points condense at the top
- hydrocarbons are chemically separated into smaller hydrocarbons
3. Fractional distillation is a...
- physical change
- good way to separate things
- chemical reaction
- thermal decomposition reaction
4. Why do large hydrocarbons have high boiling points?
- They have longer hydrocarbon chains so more energy is needed to break the chains
- As there are more weak intermolecular forces between the hydrocarbon molecules that are needed to be broken, more thermal energy is needed to break these forces thus giving it a high boiling point
- As there are less weak intermolecular forces to break, we can just us a lot of thermal energy to break them
- They just do
5. Small hydrocarbons...
- are always solid
- have a high boiling point
- have a low boiling point and are gaseous
- are often liquid