Questionnaires

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What are 3 practical positives about questionnaires?
They are quick and cheap way to gather larger amounts of data. No need to train interviewers. Data is usually easy to quantify.
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What are 7 practical limitations of questionnaires?
Data is limited and superficial. Offer incentives to attract respondents. Can't be sure the intended completed the questionnaire. Low response rates. Inflexible. Not suitable for investigating unfamiliar topics. Only snapshots.
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Why do positivists like questionnaires?
They enable us to test hypothesis and establish correlations. They can be repeated so are reliable and also allow comparisons. They are representative because they're large scale and use representative samples. They are detached and so objective.
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Why don't interpretivists like questionnaires?
Fails to produce a valid picture of an actor's meanings. Language differences. Not valid because of lying, forgetting or don't understand. Also respondents may give 'respectable' answers. They can impose the researcher's meanings.
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What are the 2 types of questions and how do interpretivists criticise them?
Close-ended questions - respondents fit their view to the answers on offer. Open-ended questions - give what ever answer they wish, but when quantifying data, the researcher will put together answers they believe are similar and so data is altered.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Data is limited and superficial. Offer incentives to attract respondents. Can't be sure the intended completed the questionnaire. Low response rates. Inflexible. Not suitable for investigating unfamiliar topics. Only snapshots.

Back

What are 7 practical limitations of questionnaires?

Card 3

Front

They enable us to test hypothesis and establish correlations. They can be repeated so are reliable and also allow comparisons. They are representative because they're large scale and use representative samples. They are detached and so objective.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Fails to produce a valid picture of an actor's meanings. Language differences. Not valid because of lying, forgetting or don't understand. Also respondents may give 'respectable' answers. They can impose the researcher's meanings.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Close-ended questions - respondents fit their view to the answers on offer. Open-ended questions - give what ever answer they wish, but when quantifying data, the researcher will put together answers they believe are similar and so data is altered.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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