Other questions in this quiz

2. Which of the following statements best describes quantitative research?

  • An attempt to test the researcher’s hypotheses
  • Research where inferences obtained are more preliminary than final
  • The collection of non-numerical data
  • Quantitative research involves inductive reasoning

3. The Hawthorne Effect can be described as:

  • When participants alter their behaviour as a consequence of being in the study
  • When a researcher has pre-conceived ideas about the expected result
  • Bias due to inappropriate sampling
  • An unavoidable consequence of research studies

4. Which of the following represents the best definition of external validity?

  • The ability to generalise our results to a wider population
  • Verification that instruments used are measuring what they purport to measure
  • When there is no systematic difference between sample results and the true state of affairs
  • The ability to ascribe the outcome to the influence of a particular factor

5. How does randomisation and random sampling differ?

  • They are the same thing
  • Both make use of a random selection procedure, such as flipping a coin
  • The purpose of random sampling is to increase generalisability and the purpose of randomisation is to reduce the risk of selection bias
  • Random sampling is only used in true experiments while randomisation is only used in quasi-experiments


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