Purpose of Cells and Cell Parts

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Cell Membrane
A thin layer around the cell, which controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell.
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Nucleus
A large structure inside the cell, containing chromosomes which control the activities of the cell and how it develops.
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Cytoplasm
A jelly-like substance containing many chemicals. It is where most of the chemical reactions of the cell take place.
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Mitochondria
Small rod-shaped structures which release energy from sugar during aerobic respiration
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Ribosomes
Small ball-shaped structures in the cytoplasm, where proteins are made.
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Cell Wall
The outside of the cell membrane. It is made of cellulose, which is strong to support the cell. It can be found in plant cells.
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Permanent Vacuole
A fluid-filled cavity which uses the liquid inside, called sap, for support.
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Chloroplasts
Small discs found in the cytoplasm. They contain green pigments called chlorophyll which traps light energy for photosynthesis.
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Red Blood Cells
They lack most cell structures but contain large amounts of haemoglobin, which allows them to carry oxygen.
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Muscle Cells
These contain contractile proteins, which allow the cell to shorten.
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Palisade Cells
These contain many chloroplasts for photosynthesis.
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Root Hair Cells
These have a long extension, which projects into the soil in order to absorb more water by increasing surface area.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A large structure inside the cell, containing chromosomes which control the activities of the cell and how it develops.

Back

Nucleus

Card 3

Front

A jelly-like substance containing many chemicals. It is where most of the chemical reactions of the cell take place.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Small rod-shaped structures which release energy from sugar during aerobic respiration

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Small ball-shaped structures in the cytoplasm, where proteins are made.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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