psychopathology ; ocd

DSM-5
DFGDF
1 of 46
what do all the range of disorders ocd adn related have in common?
repetitive behaviour + obsessive thinking
2 of 46
OCD is characterised by which two things?
obsessions and/or compulsions
3 of 46
what is trichotillomania?
hair pulling
4 of 46
and excoriation?
compulsive skin picking
5 of 46
BEHAVIOURAL CHARACTERISTICS
DFHDF
6 of 46
- compulsioons
dfgdf
7 of 46
there are two elements to compulsions which are?
repetitiveness / anxiety reduction
8 of 46
+ repetetive
dfgd
9 of 46
typical sufferers feel compelled to
repeat behaviour
10 of 46
what is a common example?
hand ashing
11 of 46
+ reduce anxiety
gdf
12 of 46
around what % OCD sufferers show just compulsions?
10%
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for vast majority though compusive behaviours are perfomred in attemt to manage what?
anxiety produced by obsessions
14 of 46
for example compulsive hand washing is responsive to?
obsessive fear of germs
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- avoidance
dfgd
16 of 46
behaviour may be characterised by avoidance as they attempt to reduce anxiety how?
keep away from triggering situations
17 of 46
but this avoidance can lead to avoiding ordinary situations hich can?
interfere with leading a normal life
18 of 46
EMOTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS
FGD
19 of 46
- anxiety and distress
dfgdf
20 of 46
anxiety accompanies both?
obsessions / compusions
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why do obsessive thoughts create anxiety?
because they're unpleasnat and frightening
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and compulsions?
urge to repeat behaviour makes anxious
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- accompanying depressin
sdf
24 of 46
OCD can be accompanied by low mood and lack?
of enjoyment
25 of 46
what tends to bring some temporary relief from anxieyt?
compulsions
26 of 46
- guilt and disgust
sg
27 of 46
is this rational?
no
28 of 46
guilt over what kind of issues?
minor moral issues
29 of 46
and disgust can be directed toward?
dirt / self
30 of 46
COGNITIVE CHARACTERISTICS
DFGF
31 of 46
ppl w/ ocd are usually plagued by?
obsessive thoughts
32 of 46
but develop what to deal?
cognitive strategies
33 of 46
- obsessive thoughts
dfgd
34 of 46
for what % OCD sufferers are these the major cog feature?
90%
35 of 46
vary from person to person but are always?
unpleasant
36 of 46
- cognitive strategiesto deal
dfgd
37 of 46
religious person tormented by obsessive guilt may turn to?
praying / meditating
38 of 46
this helps manage?
anxiety
39 of 46
and how do others see it?
abnormal
40 of 46
and can distract them from?
erryday tasks
41 of 46
- insight into excessive anxiety
dfgd
42 of 46
are they aware their obsessions / compulsions are irrational?
yes
43 of 46
is this neccessary for diagnosis?
yes
44 of 46
they still have insight but suffer what kins of thought?
catastrophic
45 of 46
they also tend to be hypervigiland meaning?
constantly alert
46 of 46

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what do all the range of disorders ocd adn related have in common?

Back

repetitive behaviour + obsessive thinking

Card 3

Front

OCD is characterised by which two things?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is trichotillomania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

and excoriation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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