Definitions of abnormality (psychopathology)

What is the definition of 'Failure to Function Adequately"?
A person may cross the line of normal and abnormal when they can no longer cope with the demands of every day life.
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Give an example of failing to function adequately.
Unable to maintain basic standards of nutrition, cannot hold down a job or relationship, can no longer maintain eye contact, no longer respect others personal space.
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Name 2 strengths of failure to function adequately as a definition of abnormality.
1. it attempts to include subjective experiences of an individual 2. it is a useful criteria of accessing abnormality.
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Name 2 weaknesses of failure to function adequately as a definition of abnormality.
1. It risks limiting personal freedom and discriminating against minority groups. 2.Someone has to assess someones distress (matter of opinion)
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Give examples of good mental health which can define "Deviation from ideal mental health"?
A good healthy mind includes; no symptoms of distress, rational and perceive ourselves accurately, we self actualise, cope with stress, realistic view of world, good self esteem and lack of guilt, independent, work/love and enjoy leisure.
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Give 1 strength of Deviation from ideal mental health as a definition of abnormality.
It is very comprehensive, covers a range of criteria and covers most reasons why someone may seek help.
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Give 2 weaknesses from deviation from ideal mental health as a definition of abnormality.
1. There is an overlap to what is normal and what is not - some cultures would disagree. 2. Sets a high standard to what a healthy mental state is.
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What is the definition of "statistical deviation"?
Abnormality is defined as any behaviour which is statistically uncommon and therefore is not seen as very often in society.
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Give some examples of statistical deviation.
Schizophrenia, Albino's, particularly high or low IQ.
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Give 1 strength of statistical deviation as a definition of abnormality.
We can use this definition to diagnose everyday disorders.
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Give 2 weaknesses of statistical deviation as a definition of abnormality.
1. Behaviours which are statistically uncommon but positive (i.e. Usain Bolt, elite athlete) are classified as abnormal. 2. Behaviours which are common but not desirable (depression 1 in 5) is labelled as 'normal'.
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What is the definition of "deviation from social norms"?
Abnormality is defined as behaviour that deviates from the accepted standards of behaviour in a community or society - society makes a collective judgement on what is right.
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Give an example of how homosexuality has changed from being abnormal to normal in some societies but some not.
Until 1973, homosexuality was illegal in the UK and therefore anyone who was homosexual was considered abnormal. Now we accept homosexuality and consider it as normal. But in 78 countries homosexuality is still illegal and is classified as abnormal.
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Give 2 strengths of deviation from social norms as a definition of abnormality.
1. real life applications - diagnosis of APD. 2. Includes the issue of desirability in behaviour
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Give 2 weaknesses of deviation from social norms as a definition of abnormality.
1. Social norms change between cultures and therefore this definition has issues of cultural bias. 2. It can lead to a systematic abuse of human rights.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give an example of failing to function adequately.

Back

Unable to maintain basic standards of nutrition, cannot hold down a job or relationship, can no longer maintain eye contact, no longer respect others personal space.

Card 3

Front

Name 2 strengths of failure to function adequately as a definition of abnormality.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name 2 weaknesses of failure to function adequately as a definition of abnormality.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give examples of good mental health which can define "Deviation from ideal mental health"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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