Psychopathology

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  • Created by: leahwlod
  • Created on: 18-03-16 11:29
Types of behavioural characteristics for OCD
Compulsions and Avoidance
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Behavioural aspects: Compulsions
TWO ELEMENTS OF COMPULSIONS: Compulsions are repetitive and Compulsions reduce anxiety
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Behavioual aspects: Avoidance
The behaviour of OCD sufferers may also be characterised by their avoidance as they attempt to reduce anxiety by keeping away from situations that trigger it
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Types of emotional characteristics for OCD
Anxiety and distress, accompanying depression and guilt and disgust
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Emotional aspects: Anxiety and distress
OCD is regarded as a particularly unpleasant emotional experience because of the powerful anxiety that accompanies both obsessions and compulsions
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Emotional aspects: Accompanying depression
OCD is often accompanied by depression, so anxiety can be accompanied by low mood and lack of enjoyment in activites
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Emotional aspects: Guilt and disgust
OCD sometimes involves other negative emotions such as irrational guilt
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Types of cognitive characteristics of OCD
Obsessive thoughts, cognitive strategies to deal with obsessions and insight into excessive anxiety
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Cognitive aspects: Obsessive thoughts
For around 90% of OCD sufferers the major cognitive feature of their condition is obsessive thoughts
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Cognitive aspects: Cognitive strategies to deal with obsessions
Obsessions are the major cognitive aspect of OCD, but people also respond by adopting cognitive coping strategies
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Cognitive aspects: Insight into excessive anxiety
People sufferering from OCD are aware that their obessions and compulsions are not rational
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Card 2

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Behavioural aspects: Compulsions

Back

TWO ELEMENTS OF COMPULSIONS: Compulsions are repetitive and Compulsions reduce anxiety

Card 3

Front

Behavioual aspects: Avoidance

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Types of emotional characteristics for OCD

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Emotional aspects: Anxiety and distress

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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