Psychology Unit 2

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  • Created by: Shaye :)
  • Created on: 06-05-15 10:41
Who designed the psychodynamic approach to psychology and what is it?
Freud designed the psychosexual stages that suggested fixation at certain stages can cause abnormality and that the id and superego are like our morals and our selfishness and can sometimes become unbalanced
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How can an imbalance of the id cause abnormality?
If the id is prominent then it means that much of the behaviour is a result of selfish desires and so can cause abnormalities such as narcisstic personality disorder
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What is one major criticism of the behavioural approach?
It is reductionist and also relies highly on presumptions and memories
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Who was used in a case study to provide evidence for the behavioural approach?
Little Albert, who was classically conditioned to fear rats
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What are Beck's errors in logic?
Polarization, overgeneralisation, tyranny and catastrophising
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What does ABC stand for in Ellis' ABC model?
Activating event, beliefs/thoughts, consequences/actions
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Which of the four approaches to abnormality are objective?
Biological and behavioural
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What are the three definitions of abnormality?
Deviation from social norms, deviation from ideal mental health and failure to function adequately
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What is a strength of the biological approach?
It is objective as it is based on scientific scans etc. so is high in ecological validity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How can an imbalance of the id cause abnormality?

Back

If the id is prominent then it means that much of the behaviour is a result of selfish desires and so can cause abnormalities such as narcisstic personality disorder

Card 3

Front

What is one major criticism of the behavioural approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was used in a case study to provide evidence for the behavioural approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are Beck's errors in logic?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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