Psychology Unit 1 Memory


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What is memory?
The process of retaining information once the original thing is no longer present. It refers to the mental process used to encode, store and retrieve information
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Short term memory
STM is a system for storing information for brief periods of time. It is a short term depot for information before it is lost or passed onto long term memory
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Capacity of STM
How much something can hold. Can be measured by finding out how many digits you can repeat in the correct order immediately after hearing them Majority of people remember 7+/-2 (Miller)
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Chunking
The capacity of STM can be increased by combining individual items into larger, meaningful units.
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Encoding
The transfer of information into a code, which creates a memory trace. STM and LTM are dependent on different codes, STM encoding is mainly acoustic, LTM mainly semantic
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Long term memory
Unlimited capacity, duration is 30 seconds to a lifetime, encodes mainly semantically
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Card 2

Front

STM is a system for storing information for brief periods of time. It is a short term depot for information before it is lost or passed onto long term memory

Back

Short term memory

Card 3

Front

How much something can hold. Can be measured by finding out how many digits you can repeat in the correct order immediately after hearing them Majority of people remember 7+/-2 (Miller)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The capacity of STM can be increased by combining individual items into larger, meaningful units.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The transfer of information into a code, which creates a memory trace. STM and LTM are dependent on different codes, STM encoding is mainly acoustic, LTM mainly semantic

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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