Psychology : Types of Schizophrenia

The types of Schitzophrenia, not necessarily for an exam, but for personal study, before I enter college/sixth form.

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1. What do auditory hallucinations consist of?

  • 'voices' that control the persons speech, and they talk to one another about the people around the patient at the current time.
  • 'voices' commenting on the patients behaviour, and thoughts, warn the person of danger, tell the person to do things and have conversations with one another.
  • sounds that control the patients thought process, sometimes they are voices but rarely.
  • 'voices' commenting on the persons behaviour, they stop the person from physically talking or moving.
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2. What are the 5 types of schizophrenia?

  • Paranoid, positive, undifferentiated, residual and catatonic.
  • Paranoid, catatonic, organized, unorganized and residual.
  • Paranoid, disorganized (hebephrenia), catatonic, undifferentiated and residual.
  • Catatonic, disorganized, positive, paranoid and undifferentiated.

3. What are the symptoms of residual schizophrenia?

  • Where the patient no longer shows 'positive' symptoms of schizophrenia, but they still show the negative ones, such as the "flat affect", infrequent speech, lack of basic hygiene and loss of motivation.
  • Where the patient can't be identified/labelled for one type of schizophrenia, but they meet the diagnostic criteria.
  • Where the patient won't move, talk of be responsive to his/her surroundings for long periods at a time.
  • Where the patient no longer shows negative symptoms of schizophrenia, but shows the 'positive symptoms still, such as hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, disorganized speech and etc.

4. Which type of schizophrenia is this: the patient fits the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, but the symptoms are inconsistent, thus the patient cannot be categorized into one type.

  • Residual schizophrenia
  • Undifferentiated schizophrenia.
  • Catatonic schizophrenia
  • Hebephrenia (disorganized schizophrenia)

5. What does Catatonia mean?

  • Involuntary movements, loss of movement for periods of time, they will be uncoordinated and clumsy, they may also show odd behavior such as grimacing. Speech can also come across affected, e.g. repeated words and phrases, even inability to speak.
  • A state in which the patient stops caring about anything emotionally, and they loose care for personal hygiene, and need help with every day activities.
  • A type of schizophrenia with no symptoms, and rarely needs to be treated, although speech inabilities can occur spontaneously.
  • Where the patient is constantly paranoid, this is called the state of catatonia.

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