Psychology - Thigpen & Cleckley

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What is the background to Thigpen&Cleckley?
Multiple Personality disorder, where two or more personalities co-exist in the same individual as a dissociative disorder.
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What was the aim of Thigpen&Cleckley?
The aim was to document and gather information on the psychotherapeutic treatment of a 25 year old woman named Eve white with a history of severe headaches and black outs.
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What sampling method was used in Thigpen&Cleckley?
Opportunity sample as she was already a patient.
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Was it a longitudinal study or snapshot?
Longitudinal for 14 months.
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What Research Method was used?
A case study. Gathered over 100h of interview data, with her and her family and friends.
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What data was gathered and how?
Qualitative data: interviews, hypnosis, observation, projective tests. Quantitative: Psychometric tests such as IQ, Memory, EEG measures.
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What were the IQ and Memory results?
110 EW and 104 EB, Superior EW and Inferior EB
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What were the EEG measures of Jane, EW and EB?
Jane and EW were 11 cycles per min, whilst EB was 12.5 cycles per min.
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What did the projective tests (inkblot and human figure drawing) show?
EW - Repression, anxious and obsessive. EB - Regression, hysterical tendencies.
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What happened during the first few interviews?
EW complained of headaches and blackouts. She explained martial and emotional difficulties. She couldn't recall a recent trip, but under hypnosis she could.
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What happened in the Emergence of Eve Black?
EW wrote to therapists but didn't remember sending the letter, it was finished in child like handwriting. She also then reported hearing voices, and when describing it EB came out saying Hi there Doc. Childish, with a new voice and language structure
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What happened in the Emergence of Jane?
After 8 months, EW seemed to be making progressed, but then after appearing sleepy Jane amergenced. She was more responsible than EB but more confident than EW. They wanted Jane to take control of Ew and Eb.
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What could Jane access?
Jane could access EW thoughts and memorys but only after her appearence. Jane helped EW at home and liked EW daughter. Jane helped tell when EW had been lying.
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What was the conclusion of Thigpen&Cleckley?
To overcome future problems the personalities needed to reintegrate through Jane. It supported the existence of MPD as the personalities had been independent since childhood, as it was thought it was caused by trauma.
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What trauma did EW see when she was a child?
Her mother badly injured, a lumberjack cut in half
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What was the aim of Thigpen&Cleckley?

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The aim was to document and gather information on the psychotherapeutic treatment of a 25 year old woman named Eve white with a history of severe headaches and black outs.

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What sampling method was used in Thigpen&Cleckley?

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Was it a longitudinal study or snapshot?

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