Psychology Theorists

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These people felt that we go through three filters when forming a relationship
Kerkoff and Davis
1 of 54
Which French explorer spent six months in an underground cave?
Michel Siffre
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Who placed 42 participants in an underground bunker to investigate circadian rhythms?
Aschoff and Weaver
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Who placed 12 people in an isolation unit to see if they could adjust to a 22 hour day?
Folkhard
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Who stated early studies into circadian rhythms ignored the role of artificial light?
Czeisler
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Who investigated the role of exogenous zeitgebers in the menstrual cycle using sweaty lips?
Russell
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Whose research questioned the fact that pheromones cause periods to synchronise?
Yang and Shank
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Who found that muscles relax during Rem sleep and causes cats to fall off flowerpots?
Jouvet
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Who bred mutant hamsters to investigate the role of the SCN in the sleep wake cycle?
Morgan or Ralph
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Who investigated the role of endogenous pacemakers by making Kate play amazing grace on the bagpipes?
Folkhard
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Who found that light levels can be detected via the back of the knee?
Campbell and Murphy
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Who found that exposure to very bright light in blind people can lead to reduced melatonin?
Czeisler
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Who conducted a study in a submarine to see if submariners could adjust to an 18 hr day?
Kelly
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Who researched the consequences of shift work in a Utah chemical plant?
Czeisler
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Who found that east to west is best when investigating jet lag in baseball players?
Recht
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Who found that there were different brain patterns present during sleep using EEG?
Dement & Kleitman
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Whose theory states that we sleep to avoid predators?
Meddis
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Who states that we sleep to conserve energy?
Webb
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Who states that stages 1-3 of sleep are optional and that only core sleep is needed for restoration?
Horne
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Who argued that stages 1-4 sleep are needed for restoring the body and that REM is needed to restore the brain?
Oswald
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Who found that rats who are deprived of REM sleep die?
Everson
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Who found that runners sleep time increased after running a 57 mile marathon?
Shapiro
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Who conducted a meta analysis on sleep patterns throughout a lifetime?
Ohayon
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Who found that babies of depressed mothers took longer to get to sleep?
Armitage
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Who found that adolescent sleep patterns varied throughout the school year?
Crowley
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Who stated that relationships form as a result of classical or operant conditioning?
Bryne and Clore
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Who conducted the good news bad news study to investigate the role of conditioning in relationships?
Veitch and Griffitt
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Who introduced the Social Exchange Theory?
Thibaut and Kelly
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Whose equity theory states that we maximise rewards and minimise negative experiences in relationships?
Walster
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Who identified two different categories of couple: the communal couple and the exchange couple.
Clark and Mills
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Who introduced a four stage model of how relationships breakdown but not why?
Duck
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Who found that there is cross-cultural agreement about hip-waist ratio. The most attractive was thought to be 0.7 for females.
Singh
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Who carried out a cross-cultural study in 37 culture groups looking at what men and women look for in a relationship?
Buss
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Who found that men are more likely to agree to have sex with a stranger?
Clark and Hatfield
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Who came up with the parental investment theory?
Trivers
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Who said that attachments in childhood form a template for future relationships?
Bowlby
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Who measured different types of attachment using the strange situation?
Ainsworth and Bell
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Who tested the continuity hypothesis by publishing a love quiz in a newspaper?
Hazen and Shaver
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Who found that those classified as having an insecure avoidant attachment type were more likely to split up from their partner?
Feeney and Noller
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Who found that life events can change a person’s attachment type classification?
Hamilton
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Who identified people who had experienced problematic relationships with parents, but had gone on to develop secure and happy adult relationships?
Rutter
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Who identified specific ways in which different cultures differ in their approach to relationships?
Moghaddam
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Who compared love and liking among 100 couples in India; 50 arranged marriages, 50 love marriages?
Gupta and Singh
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Who found that whilst women used both hemispheres for language, only the left was used by men?
Shaywitz and Shaywitz
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Who found that female monkeys who were deliberately exposed to testosterone during prenatal development were more aggressive than females?
Quadagno
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Who studied a family who live in the Dominican Republic where four of the sons have changed from being born and growing up as girls, into muscular men?
Imperato-McGinley
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Who conducted a case study on David Reimer?
Money
47 of 54
Who argues that **** was a feasible strategy to aid reproductive success and could therefore be seen as adaptive?
Thornhill and Palmer
48 of 54
Who found that parents deliberately shaped their child’s behaviour using attention and praise as reinforcement in families?
Fagot
49 of 54
Who invited mothers of first born infants aged between five and ten months, to play with a six month old baby, who would be presented as, and dressed as either a boy or a girl?
Smith and Lloyd
50 of 54
Who identified a range of different ‘masculinities of men today?
Connell and Mac an Ghaill
51 of 54
Who compared the gender roles adopted by people in three tribal societies in New Guinea?
Margaret Mead
52 of 54
Who introduced the cognitive theory of gender development?
Kohlberg
53 of 54
Who introduced the idea of psychological androgyny for individuals who combined both masculine and feminine psychological traits?
Dr Sandra Bem
54 of 54

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Card 2

Front

Which French explorer spent six months in an underground cave?

Back

Michel Siffre

Card 3

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Who placed 42 participants in an underground bunker to investigate circadian rhythms?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who placed 12 people in an isolation unit to see if they could adjust to a 22 hour day?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who stated early studies into circadian rhythms ignored the role of artificial light?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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