Psychology - Sleep

HideShow resource information
What three biological rhythms are there?
1.Circadian 2.Infradian 3.Ultradian
1 of 22
How long does it last and what is an example of a circadian rhythm?
24 hours & the sleep/wake cycle
2 of 22
How long does it last and what is an example of an infradian rhythm?
24 hours to 1 year & the menstrual cycle/SAD
3 of 22
How long does it last and what is an example of an ultradian rhythm?
More often than once a day & the stages of sleep
4 of 22
What is an endogenous pacemaker?
Internal factors
5 of 22
What is an exogenous zeitgeber?
External factors
6 of 22
What are two examples of disruption of biological rhythms?
1.Shiftwork 2.Jet lag
7 of 22
What are biological rhythms driven by?
Exogenous zeitgebers
8 of 22
What did Oswald suggest are the two stages of sleep that are associated with particular benefits?
1.Slow-wave sleep (SWS) 2.Rapid eye movement (REM)
9 of 22
What did Oswald suggest was the function of SWS?
To enable body repair
10 of 22
What did Oswald suggest was the function of REM?
To enable brain recovery
11 of 22
What are the five points in life where the amount and kind of sleep experienced changes?
1.Infancy 2.Childhood 3.Adolescence 4.Adulthood 5.Old Age
12 of 22
What do evolutionary explanations see the purpose of sleep as?
It serves has an adaptive function related to survival and therefore occurs during natural selection
13 of 22
What are the four possible evolutionary explanations of why sleep is needed?
1.Energy conservation 2.Dietry/foraging requirements 3.Predator avoidance 4.Waste of time
14 of 22
What is insomnia?
The long term inability to sleep
15 of 22
What is primary insomnia?
Insomnia is regarded as an illness in itself. It is not attribute to a medical, psychiatric or environmental cause
16 of 22
What is secondary insomnia?
When insomnia is a direct result of another illness. It is caused by a psychiatric of medical disorder
17 of 22
What is apnoea?
A medical condition where sleepers have persistent pauses in breathing
18 of 22
What are personality factors?
Dispositional traits affecting normal sleep patterns?
19 of 22
What is sleepwalking?
The performance of unconscious activities when asleep
20 of 22
What is narcolepsy?
A sleep disorder characterised by falling asleep at unexpected times
21 of 22
What is sleep paralysis?
A sleep disorder involving an inability to move at sleep onset or on wakening
22 of 22

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How long does it last and what is an example of a circadian rhythm?

Back

24 hours & the sleep/wake cycle

Card 3

Front

How long does it last and what is an example of an infradian rhythm?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How long does it last and what is an example of an ultradian rhythm?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an endogenous pacemaker?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Sleep resources »