Psychology - Rosenhan

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What is the background of Rosenhan?
That society has to define abnormal behaviour using social norms as mentally ill, which comes with the problem of stickiness of labels.
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What is the aim of Rosenhan?
To test that psychiatrists cannot reliability tell the difference between the sane and the insane.
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What sampling method was used?
An opportunity sample.
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Who was the sample?
Nurses and Doctors at 12 different hospitals across 5 states of the USA.
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Give features of the hospitals?
They were old and new, short staffed and fully staffed, one was private
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How many pseudo patients were there and who were they?
8 pseudo patients, three psychologists, a psychology graduate student, a pediatrician, a psychiatrist (rosenhan) a painter and a housewife. 3 women 5 men.
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What were 2 conclusions of Rosenhan?
1. Psychiatrists can't reliably tell the difference between the sane and insane. 2. Being referred to as mentally ill carries the stickiness of labels.
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What were the research methods of the two studies?
1. Field study. 2. Field experiment.
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What were the Iv and Dv of the Field experiment?
Iv = False info that there would be pseudo patients. Dv = The amount of staff that suspected pseudo patients.
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Outline the first basic procedure of study 1 in Rosenhan.
PP called the hospital complaining of hearing voices such as empty, hollow and thud. These were chosen as they're existential crisis symptons which aren't in the DSM. They all give false names and jobs. They all 8 admitted, 7 with schizo, 1 bipolar
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Outline the second basic procedure of study 1 in Rosenhan
After inside they acted sane again, they spoke to staff and patients and took part in ward activities apart from medication, which they got rid of. They took notes, and asked staff when will they be discharged which was then compared to a student.
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Outline the basic procedure of study 2 in Rosenhan
Staff of a teaching and research hospital were false informed that during three months they would receive pseudo patients. They were asted to rater on a 10 point scale the likelihood of each patient that wants admitted being a pseudo patient.
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What is a type 1 error?
Diagnosing somebody sane when ill.
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What is a type 2 error?
Diagnosing somebody ill when sane.
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How long did pseudo patients remain in hospital?
7-52 days, average 19 days.
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How many medication tablets were given?
2,100 in total.
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What percentage of psychiatrist stopped to talk to patient?
4%.
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How many uni students got talked to?
100%
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What percentage of the time did nurses stay in the office?
90% spent on average 7 mins a day on the ward.
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How many patients voiced their suspicions?
35 out of 118 patients.
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What type of error was made in study 1 and study 2.
1. Type 2 and 2. Type 1.
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Card 2

Front

What is the aim of Rosenhan?

Back

To test that psychiatrists cannot reliability tell the difference between the sane and the insane.

Card 3

Front

What sampling method was used?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was the sample?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give features of the hospitals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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