Psychology Research Methods Contd.

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Imposed ethic?
Culture-specific ideas and methods wrongly imposed on another culture.
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The importance of the peer review process?
It ensures integrity and assesses the value of research.
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The first option the reviewer could recommend?
Accept the work unconditionally.
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The second option the reviewer could recommend?
Accept it as long as the researcher improves it in certain ways.
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The third option the reviewer could recommend?
Reject it, but suggest revisions and a resubmission.
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The fourth option the reviewer could recommend?
Reject it outright.
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Peer review process?
Several expert reviewers are sent copies of a researcher's work by a journal editor. The reviewers report back to the editor, highlighting weaknesses or problem areas, as well as suggestions for improvement if necessary.
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First criticism of the peer review process?
Critics argue it is not as unbiased as it claims. Social relationships in narraow social world would affect objectivity and impartiality.
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Second criticism of the peer review process?
In obscure research area's it may not be possible to find peolpe with sufficient knoledge to carry out a proper peer review.
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Third criticism of the peer review process?
Scuientists ability to consider research in an unbiased and professional manner is compromised by them being funded by organisations with vested interests in certain research area's.
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Fourth criticism of the peer review process?
Reviewers have been criticised of not accepting research so their own studies can be published, and even plagiarising research and then passing it off as their own.
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Final criticism of the peer review process?
It's a slow process, sometimes taking months, even years, to comlete.
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One way of avaoiding these criticisms of the peer review process?
Ensure the reviewers are anonymous and independant.
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The consequences of a false or unscientific piece of research being accepted as true?
Many other scientists subsiquent research may be built on the fcat of the original research being accepted as true.
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What is the code of eithics designed to do?
Protect participants, maintain proffessional standards, provide a framework and guide decisions about appropriate conduct.
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Informed consent?
Participants recieve all details of intended research so a considered decision can be made regarding their participation.
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Confidentiality?
Details of identities should not be made public.
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Deception?
Participants should not be mislead. Informed consent is not possible where deceit occurs.
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Privacy?
Participants have the right to withhold information they deem private/personal.
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Withdrawal?
Participants can withdraw at any point, including withdrawing data after research has finished. No attempts were made to pursuade people to continue.
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Debrief?
Researchers must reveal the true aims of the study after they have participated if the aims couldnt be revealed beforehand.
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Protection?
Participants should leave the study in the same physical and psychological state they entered it. If unexpected harm occurs, it is the responsability of the researchers to attend to it, e.g. by the provision of councilling.
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Code of ethic in research?
Consent, Confidentiality, Deception, Privacy, Withdrawal, Debrief, Protection.
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Card 2

Front

The importance of the peer review process?

Back

It ensures integrity and assesses the value of research.

Card 3

Front

The first option the reviewer could recommend?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The second option the reviewer could recommend?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The third option the reviewer could recommend?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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