Psychology Personality Studies

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Thomas Chess and Birch
Temperament: easy, difficult and slow to warm up children. They concluded that temperament is innate
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Buss and Plomin
Temperament: Mono and dizygotic twins. emotionality, activity and sociability. Temperament has a genetic basis
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Kagan and Snidman
Temperament: due to biological differences. Four month old babies in new situations. High reactive and low reactive. due to inherited difference in the way the brain responds
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Eysenck
Measuring perso: 700 servicemen filled in questionnaire. extroversion-introversion, neuroticism-stability
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Raine et al
APD: caused by abnormalities in the pre-frontal cortex. MRI of 24 men with APD and 34 healthy men. APD had reduction in prefrontal grey matter.
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Farrington
Situational causes of APD: Development of offending and antisocial behaviour in childhood to age 50 in 411 males. 40% had been convicted of at least one offence. criminality in family, low school achievement poverty and bad parenting.
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Elander et al.
Situational causes of APD: childhood risk factors used to predict APD as adult. 225 twins diagnosed with childhood disorders. hyperactivity, low IQ, reading problems and conduct disorders e strong predictors of APD in further life.
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Temperament: Mono and dizygotic twins. emotionality, activity and sociability. Temperament has a genetic basis

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Buss and Plomin

Card 3

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Temperament: due to biological differences. Four month old babies in new situations. High reactive and low reactive. due to inherited difference in the way the brain responds

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Card 4

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Measuring perso: 700 servicemen filled in questionnaire. extroversion-introversion, neuroticism-stability

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

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APD: caused by abnormalities in the pre-frontal cortex. MRI of 24 men with APD and 34 healthy men. APD had reduction in prefrontal grey matter.

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