Psychology - Memory

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  • Created by: Lili
  • Created on: 28-10-13 09:59
Define the term Memory
This is the ability to retain information even when the original piece of information is no longer present.
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What are the 3 stages that memory is made up of?
Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
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What is Encoding?
Taking the information in, this includes transforming the incoming information, into a form that can be stored in memory.
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What is Storage?
This is maintaining the information.
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What is Retrieval?
This is being able to take the information from where it is stored, (recall).
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What are the 2 categories that memory is split into?
Long Term Memory (LTM) and Short Term Memory (STM)
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Who are the researchers that suggest LTM and STM are separate?
Shallice and Warrington (1970)
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What did Shallice and Warrington do in order to support their idea?
They did a case study of KF, a man who'd been in a motorcycle accident and had permanent brain damage. His LTM was fine however he could only keep 2 items within STM (usual is 7 ± 2). Showing that LTM and STM are in separate parts of the brain.
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Card 2

Front

What are the 3 stages that memory is made up of?

Back

Encoding, Storage, Retrieval

Card 3

Front

What is Encoding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Storage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Retrieval?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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