Psychology- LOP

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What is Strategic Processing?
Looks e.g CAPITALS (Shallow)
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Is Strategic Processing the Best, Intermediate or Worst for memory?
Worst
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What is Semantic Processing?
Meaning e.g Do you eat.......? (Deep)
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Is Semantic Processing the Best, Intermediate or Worst for memory?
Best
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What is Phonetic Processing?
Sound e.g Rhyme... Pig/Wig
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Is Phonetic Processing the Best, Intermediate or Worst for memory?
Intermediate
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What is Maintenance Rehearsal? (+ Example)
Repetition e.g Phonetic Processing, Phonetic Processing, Phonetic Processing... (Shallow)
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Is Maintenance Rehearsal good or poor for memory?
Poor, Short Term
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What is Elaborative Rehearsal?
Consideration e.g Do you eat....? (Deep)
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Is Elaborative Rehearsal good or poor for memory?
Good, Long Term
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Name two Cognitive Assumptions
Brain Like a Computer, Scientific, Memory
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What are the three parts to Memory in Cognitive Assumptions?
Encoding, Storage, Retreival
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What is implied by the Scientific Cognitive Assumption? What type of thing is studied?
Hypothesis and Experiments on Cognition inlcuding studying brain damaged people and its effect on cognition
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What does the Computer Cognitive Assumption involve?
Input, Process, Output
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What parts of a computer resemble the human brain?
Computer Keyboard/Mouse= Human Sensors, Computer CPU= Human Brain Working, Computer Screen/Printer= Human Reaction/Behaviour/Actions
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What does TOAST stand for?
T= Things Cannot Explain, O= Opposing Studies/ Theories, A= Applications, S= Supporting Studies/ Theories, T= Testable
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What year did Craik and Tulving conduct thier experiment?
1975
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Does Craik and Tulving's experiment support LOP or not?
It Supports LOP
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What percentage of words did participants recall when semantically processed?
65%
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what percentage of words did participants recall when strucurally processed?
17%
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What year did Morris et al conduct his experiment?
1981
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Does Morris et al's experiment support LOP or not?
It Supports LOP
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What was Morris et al's experiment about?
Football supporters and non-supporters remembering scores.
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Why were the supporters better at remembering the scores?
Becuase they were relating the scores to league positions and therfore processing the information more deeply.
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What year was the Neuroscience study in Nyberg in?
2002
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Does the Neuroscience study in Nyberg Support LOP or not?
It Supports LOP
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What does the frontal/temporial lobes of the brain process?
Semantic Processing
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Who conducted an experiment in the year 2003?
Diseth and Martinsen
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Who did Diseth and Martinsen study?
Norwegian Undergraduate Psychology Students
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What were Diseth and Martinsen's findings?
The students who demonstrated high levels of surface learning had higher exam marks.
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Does Diseth and Martinsens's study support LOP or not?
It Opposes LOP
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What year did Reber et al conduct his study?
1994
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What did Reber et al Study? + Example?
The arguement that factors other than depth of processing affect how well things are remebered e.g. Emothinal Significance or Unusual Events.
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What were Reber et al's findings?
Depth of processing didn't affect recall of words when the were emotionally significant.
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Does Reber et al's study support LOP or not?
It Challenges LOP
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Card 2

Front

Is Strategic Processing the Best, Intermediate or Worst for memory?

Back

Worst

Card 3

Front

What is Semantic Processing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Is Semantic Processing the Best, Intermediate or Worst for memory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Phonetic Processing?

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