Psychology Key Term Glossary

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  • Created by: kaotip
  • Created on: 22-03-14 05:30
Perception
the way the brain makes sense of the visual image detected by the eyes, a biological process
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Retina
the light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye which is made up of nerve cells called the rods and cones
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Rods
respond to light, work in dim light, detect movements
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Cones
respond to light, work in bright light, detect colors
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Optic nerve
bundle of nerve cells that lead out from the retina at the back of the eye, carries information from rods and cones to the brain
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Blind spot
the area of the retina where the optic nerve leaves the eye, it does not have photocepters and therefore cannot detect light
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Optic chiasma
the cross-shape where information from the right eye cross to the left hemisphere of the brain and vice versa
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Visual cortex
the area at the back of the brain that interprets visual information
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Depth cues
visual 'clues' that we use to understand depth and distance
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Monocular depth cues
depth cues using only one eye
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Binocular depth cues
depth cues using two eyes
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Size constancy
we perceive objects as the same size even when its distance from us changes. even when the image the object make on our retina is not the same, we scale it up or down to the same size.
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Relative size
smaller objects = further away
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye which is made up of nerve cells called the rods and cones

Back

Retina

Card 3

Front

respond to light, work in dim light, detect movements

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

respond to light, work in bright light, detect colors

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

bundle of nerve cells that lead out from the retina at the back of the eye, carries information from rods and cones to the brain

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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