Psychology; Gender - Studies

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  • Created by: DDOB
  • Created on: 07-04-15 12:59
Martin and Little (kohlberg evidence)
3-5 year olds; basic understanding of gender, but knew appropriate behaviour (achieved consistency)
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Slaby and Frey
Picture of boy + girl - which one are you? (gender identity) when you grow up will you be a mummy/daddy? (consistency) 5 yr old - all concepts
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Martin and Little (Gender Schema)
young boys and girls strong ideas about what is appropriate, developed own sex schemas
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Martin, Eisenbud, Rose
Told children if toy was for boy/girl. they picked toy regardless of preference.
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martin/eisenbud/rose
sex role thinking justified answers for what other children would like but not themselves
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David Reimer
Lost his penis, raised as girl. became depressed. went back to male
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Diamond
Pregnant rats injected with testosterone. Offspring - genitals like males. Tried to mate with other females.
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Smith and Lloyd
Adults treated baby according to percieved gender. 6 month old baby dressed as boy or girl. type of toys given = percieved sex.
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Zhou
Female transsexuals BST resembled males. Post moterms on 6 transsexuals.
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Boys with gender dysphhoria...
Have been rated as more attractive than control children. Mothers likely to describe sons as beautiful.
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Gender dysphoria increasingly understood in the UK ...
Rates of sex realignment surgery increasing.
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Connellan and Bhakti
Baby girls spend more time looking at face. Baby boys more time looking at mechanical object.
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Baron Cohen/Wheelwright
EQSQ - Males score higher on SQ and females on EQ however this is not always the case.
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Buss
Survey accross 37 cultures. Males valued physical attractiveness and females valued earning power.
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Wood and Eagly
Data from all over world (content analysis). Men contributed to providing food and women contributed to childcare.
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Mead
Ethnography, 1930's. 3 different societies in new guinea. Arapesh - similar gender roles. Munduganmor - both masculine traits. Tchambli - Male and female roles reversed.
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Gwertz
tchambli in 1940's. Males more aggressive. Mead studied these tribes in time of change.
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Cook
Role reversal - Margarita. Women largely traditional, little power in community. Men away alot. Women had to be aggressive to protect children.
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Hagan and Kuebli
80 3 and 4 year olds on beam. Fathers of daughters monitiered closely than fathers of sons. Mothers monitiered similarily
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Friedman
Mothers read gender related story. 74 mother child pairs. Content analysis. Mothers with gender equal attitudes more counter stereotypical comments with daughters. predicted stereotyping in 3-5 yrs not 6-7 years.
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Evans and Davies
books, 1997. 1st, 3rd and 5th grade. content analysis. same no of characters. males aggressive and competitive, females passive and emotional.
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Bigler
Field experiement. all boy or all girl groups. control = colour groups. 4 weeks later - gender groups more stereotypical views.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Picture of boy + girl - which one are you? (gender identity) when you grow up will you be a mummy/daddy? (consistency) 5 yr old - all concepts

Back

Slaby and Frey

Card 3

Front

young boys and girls strong ideas about what is appropriate, developed own sex schemas

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Told children if toy was for boy/girl. they picked toy regardless of preference.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

sex role thinking justified answers for what other children would like but not themselves

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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