PSYCHOLOGY GCSE TOPIC E

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Twin Studies
Research into the similarity of twins, particularly their criminal similarity, to investigate genetic links.
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XYY
A rare genetic pattern said to be linked to aggression and slow learning ability.
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Chromosome Abnormality
A mutation of genetic material that results as a change in the number or structure of chromosomes.
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Conform
To adjust to expectations made of us.
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Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
When the expectations of others influence our behaviour.
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Generalised
Whether the results can be applied to other people.
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Correlation
A measure of an association or relationship between two factors or variables. e.g. family size and crime can be correlated to see if there is a link between the two.
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Controls
Ways to keep variables constant in all conditions of an experiment.
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Control Group
A group that does not receive an experimental condition. This group provides a baseline on which to compare those participants who do experience a condition of the experiment.
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Extraneous Variables
Any variables that might affect the results of the study that might not be controlled.
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Demand Characteristics
When we change our behavior to meet the demands of the situation.
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Criminal Consistency
The idea that a person will commit a crime in a way that mirrors his or her own personality and ability. An organised person will commit an organised crime.
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Profile
A list of predicted abilities, personality characteristics, occupation, marital status, etc.that can be sued to narrow down a list of suspects for a crime.
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Psychopath
Person suffering from a chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behaviour.
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Personal Construct Therapy
A therapy where someone finds their own way of looking at people (their personal constructs) and uses those constructs, not only to see how they judge the people they know but also to measure change after therapy.
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Defendant
A person who has been accused of a crime and is now in court.
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Verdict
A decision made by a jury. The verdict can be guilty or innocent.
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Testimony
The evidence given by a witness, expert, or a person the defendant knows well.
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Stereotype
A general view of a person based on little or no factual information.
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Card 2

Front

A rare genetic pattern said to be linked to aggression and slow learning ability.

Back

XYY

Card 3

Front

A mutation of genetic material that results as a change in the number or structure of chromosomes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

To adjust to expectations made of us.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When the expectations of others influence our behaviour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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