PSYCHOLOGY GCSE TOPIC C

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Amygdala
A brain structure thought to be involved in aggression.
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Limbic system
An area of the brain involved in emotion.
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Hormones
Chemicals produced by the human body that send signals to organs around the body via the bloodstream.
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Observational Learning
The process of learning from watching others.
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Modelling
Observing, identifying with and copying the behaviour of a role model.
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Identification
A feeling of similarity with a role model that leads to the imitation of their behaviour – we believe we can be like them.
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Vicarious Reinforcement
Learning though the positive consequences of other people’s actions rather than first-hand – we are more likely to copy if they are rewarded.
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Nature
What we are born with.
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Nuture
What we learn from the way we are raised.
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Content Analysis
A research method used to measure the number of times something comes up in a book, newspaper article, television programme, etc.
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Tally
A single mark on a chart to show that a behaviour/category has been found during content analysis.
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Unrepresentative
Limited so that it might not apply to everyone.
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Reliability
Refers to whether findings from a study would be found again if the study was repeated.
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Consent
Permission to take part in a study.
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Right to withdraw
A participant’s right to leave a study at any time and their ability to do so.
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Deception
Being lied too.
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Debrief
Being told the truth about a study when it is over.
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Competence
A psychologist’s ability to conduct a study.
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Protection of Participants
Looking after the rights and welfare of participants to ensure no physical or psychological damage.
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Natural Experiment
An experiment where the independent variable is naturally occurring and not set up by the researchers.
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Empathic Listening
A way of listening to another person so that there is real understanding. It also involves responding in a way that shows you have listened.
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Watershed
Term used to indicate a turning point. When applied to TV programming it is the 9pm deadline before which programmes (including cable and satellite programmes) that contain certain levels of violence and/or sex cannot be broadcast.
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Censorship
Preventing information from being circulated in some way.
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Moral Censorship
Deciding what material is suitable for broadcasting or publishing and what material is not considered moral or suitable.
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Authoritarian
A style of government where society’s members have little input and have to accept the government’s decisions.
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Paternalistic
A style of government where its decisions are made for the good of everybody else.This rests on the idea of the head of the household knowing what is best for everybody else in that household.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

An area of the brain involved in emotion.

Back

Limbic system

Card 3

Front

Chemicals produced by the human body that send signals to organs around the body via the bloodstream.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The process of learning from watching others.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Observing, identifying with and copying the behaviour of a role model.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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