Psychology - Baron Cohen

HideShow resource information
What was the Aim of Baron Cohen?
The aim was to test the TOM of adults with autism or aspergers with the Eyes Test to show that impaired Tom was a specific disorder associated with autistic spectrum disorders.
1 of 14
What is the background for Baron Cohen?
One explanation for autism is that it is caused by a core cognitive deficit, an impaired theory of mind. It is suggested that HFA adults can pass theory of mind tests.
2 of 14
Who was group 1 in Baron Cohen and describe how they were recruited
Group 1 was Experimental with 16 people, 13 males and 4 females, with HFA or Aspergers Syndrome. It was volunteer as he participants were recruited using an advert in the National Autistic Society magazine as well as through clinics.
3 of 14
Who was in group 2 in Baron Cohen and describe how they were recruited
Group 2 was Control with 50 people, 25 female and 25 male, with age matched controls and no history of psychiatric disorder and normal intelligence. It was random sampling from a Cambridge Uni database.
4 of 14
Who was in group 3 in Baron Cohen and describe how they were recruited
Group 3 was 10 people with tourettes syndrome, all of normal intelligence who were volunteers from a referral centre in London.
5 of 14
What was the Research Method and Experimental design used?
Quasi Experiment and a Matched pairs design on Age and IQ
6 of 14
What was the eyes task?
All P's were shown 25 photographs of 10x15 for 3 seconds and asked to answer a forced choice question about the mental state of the eyes, with either a target or a foil e.g concerned and unconcerned.
7 of 14
What was the strange stories task?
Participants in groups 1 and 3 were tested on Happes Strange Stories task to test the validity of the eyes task.
8 of 14
What was the Gender Recognition of Eyes Task about?
P's had to identify the sex of the eyes from the eyes test to test face recognition.
9 of 14
What was the Basic Emotion Recognition Task about?
P's were shown the six basic emotions on a full face (happy, sad, excited, angry, surprise, disgust) to see whether scores were due to basic difficulties with emotional recognition.
10 of 14
Give a result of Baron Cohen comparing Tourettes and Autism
Results indiciated that Autistics were significantly impaired, while Tourettes made very little mistakes.
11 of 14
Give a result comparing Normal, Autism and Tourettes Range.
Autism had a larger range at 10 than Normal and Tourettes at 9.
12 of 14
Give a result comparing the scores of the Eyes task for Normal, Autism and Tourettes.
Autism scored 16.3, significantly less in comparison to 20.3 of Normal and 20.4 of Tourettes.
13 of 14
Give two conclusions of Baron-Cohen
1. Lack of TOM is specific to Autism. 2. Impairments were not due to interpreting context.
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the background for Baron Cohen?

Back

One explanation for autism is that it is caused by a core cognitive deficit, an impaired theory of mind. It is suggested that HFA adults can pass theory of mind tests.

Card 3

Front

Who was group 1 in Baron Cohen and describe how they were recruited

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was in group 2 in Baron Cohen and describe how they were recruited

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was in group 3 in Baron Cohen and describe how they were recruited

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Core studies resources »