Psychology - Attachment

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What is attachment? (2)
1. An emotional bond between two people 2. A two-way process which endures over time
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What is a stimulus?
An event that causes a response
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What is a response?
An action made because a stimulus is detected....stimulus = event....response = action
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What does innate mean?
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What does conditioned mean?
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What does unconditioned mean?
Not learned
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What are learning theories an alternative to?
Evolutionary theories
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What does the learning theory suggest about attachment?
That it is passive and not about about interaction between the primary caregiver and the child
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How is attachment learned according to classical conditioning?
Through association
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How is attachment learned according to operant conditioning?
Through reinforcement
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Who was John Bowlby?
An evolutionary psychologist
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What is evolution?
Natural selection for characteristics that enhance chances of survival/reproduction
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What did Bowlby believe about attachment?
That attachment occurs because of the innate need to attach when born and the responsiveness of the caregiver to the infants needs
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What is the monotropic bond?
The first main unique bond an infant has
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What is the internal working model?
The blueprint for all future relationships
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What does Bowlby suggests happens when a child has a negative/positive IWM?
Negative = insecure attachment positive = secure attachment
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What does an ethologist do?
Studies animals in their natural enviroment
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What did Konrad Lorenz's theory suggest?(geese)
That the first 'thing' an infant sees when being born is the 'thing' they have the strongest attachment to
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What did Lorenz suggest was the reasoning for this?
The 12-17 hours after birth is the critical period for attachment to occur
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What was the temperament hypothesis? (Kegan)
Easy temperament = secure attachment = positive relationships (opposite)
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What are the two different types of research methods and what do they entail?
Experimental (quantitative - numbers) and non-experimental (qualitative - written/spoken)
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What three different types of experimental research can be done?
1. Laboratory 2. Field 3. Natural
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What four different types of non-experimental research can be done?
1. Observations 2. Case studies 3. Survey methods 4. Correlation research
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What did Mary Ainsworth use to study attachment?
Strange situation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is a stimulus?


An event that causes a response

Card 3


What is a response?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What does innate mean?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What does conditioned mean?


Preview of the front of card 5
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