Psychology As- Memory

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  • Created by: Ellis
  • Created on: 03-05-14 10:46
Peterson and Peterson
Consonant syllables - Found STM has a duration of less than 18 s
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Nairne et al
Found items recalled correctly after 96 s, suggesting STM has a longer duration than P and P
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Bahrick et al
High school yearbook, with almost 400 participants aged 17-74, face recognition was 90% accurate after 15 years, declined to 70% after 48
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Miller
Meta analysis of other research, found STM 7+-2, and chunking can be used to increase capacity
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Jacobs
Digit span technique, digits/letters read one at a time, adding on digits till pps could no longer recall order,
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Baddeley
Found acoustically similar words remembered worst for STM, semantically similar words remembered worst for LTM, suggests encoding differs between STM and LTM
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Loftus and Palmer
Speeding cars, 1st experiment, found use of "smashed" gave highest estimates and "contact" gave lowest=shows effect of misleading information
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Loftus and Palmer
Speeding cars, 2nd experiment, found higher estimate for "smashed", twice as many participants reported glass in "smashed" group than other groups
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Johnson
Weapon focus effect
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Yuille
Interviewed 13 witnesses to shooting 4-5 months after event, found generally accurate recall over time, stress did not have effect on memory, very high anxiety was linked to better accuracy
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Valentine
56 volunteers visited London Dungeon encountered a scary person, found high anxiety was associated with less accurate recall and more incorrect details and fewer correct lineup identification
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Cognitive interview
Report everything, context reinstatement, reverse order, change perspective
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Card 2

Front

Found items recalled correctly after 96 s, suggesting STM has a longer duration than P and P

Back

Nairne et al

Card 3

Front

High school yearbook, with almost 400 participants aged 17-74, face recognition was 90% accurate after 15 years, declined to 70% after 48

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Meta analysis of other research, found STM 7+-2, and chunking can be used to increase capacity

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Digit span technique, digits/letters read one at a time, adding on digits till pps could no longer recall order,

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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