Psychology - Addiction

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The Cognitive Initiation to Gambling
The Self Medication Model - Gelkopf (2002): The intentional use of addictive behaviours in order to treat psychological symptoms. Isn't random, usually particular. E.g Gambling from depression due to poverty.
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The Cognitive Maintenance to Gambling
The Role of Irrational Beliefs - Oei and Gordon (2008): Gamblers have irrational beliefs about skill involved in gambling, based on illusions of control they believe to have. Self confidence 'beating the system'
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The Cognitive Relapse to Gambling
Recall Bias - Blanco (2000) to remember and overestimate wins and forgetting and rationalising losing. Just world hypothesis- String of losses = a sure win. (deserving to win)
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The Cognitive Initiation to Smoking
Expectancy Theory - Brandon (1999) behaviour escalates into addiction due to expecting the benefits to outweigh the costs. Kassel: Teenage smokers - expecting smoking will be positive and help low moods
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The Cognitive Maintenance to Smoking
Automatic Processing - Brandon (1999) addictions develops, and becomes a habit rather than a conscious decision (e.g brushing teeth)
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The Cognitive Relapse to Smoking
Assessing Costs and Benefits - Expectations of costs and benefits influence readiness to quit and relapsing. DeVries + Backbier: smoking is beneficial and quitting is not = most likely to relapse.
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Card 2

Front

The Role of Irrational Beliefs - Oei and Gordon (2008): Gamblers have irrational beliefs about skill involved in gambling, based on illusions of control they believe to have. Self confidence 'beating the system'

Back

The Cognitive Maintenance to Gambling

Card 3

Front

Recall Bias - Blanco (2000) to remember and overestimate wins and forgetting and rationalising losing. Just world hypothesis- String of losses = a sure win. (deserving to win)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Expectancy Theory - Brandon (1999) behaviour escalates into addiction due to expecting the benefits to outweigh the costs. Kassel: Teenage smokers - expecting smoking will be positive and help low moods

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Automatic Processing - Brandon (1999) addictions develops, and becomes a habit rather than a conscious decision (e.g brushing teeth)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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