Psychology - Addiction

Addiction and All Approaches

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The Biological Initiation of Gambling
The role of genetics - gambling runs in families. Shah et al (2005): Twins study; found genetic transmission of gambling in men. Black et al (2006): 1st degree relatives more likely suffer than distant relatives.
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The Biological Maintenance of Gambling
The pituitary-adrenal response (under active) - Paris et al (2010): measured cortisol levels when watching preferred method of gambling and watching neutral stimulus. Recreational - increased levels. Pathological - no increase. Zuckerman (1979)
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The Biological Relapse of Gambling
Boredom Avoidance - Blaszczynski (1990): Poor tolerance of boredom creates repetitive gambling behaviour. Pathological gamblers had higher boredom proneness scores that non gamblers - making them more likely to relapse.
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The Biological Initiation of Smoking
The role of genetics - Vink et al (2005): Dutch twin pairs, initiation was 44% down to genetics.
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The Biological Maintenance of Smoking
Effects of nicotine -Vink et al nicotine dependence down to genetics by 75%. The Dopamine Hypothesis - Nicotine creates dopamine meaning the brain becomes dependent - mesolimbic memory created - down regulation, feeling normal rather than better.
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The Biological Relapse of Smoking
Xian (2003) 54% of risk of quit failure can be attributed to heritability.
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Card 2

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The pituitary-adrenal response (under active) - Paris et al (2010): measured cortisol levels when watching preferred method of gambling and watching neutral stimulus. Recreational - increased levels. Pathological - no increase. Zuckerman (1979)

Back

The Biological Maintenance of Gambling

Card 3

Front

Boredom Avoidance - Blaszczynski (1990): Poor tolerance of boredom creates repetitive gambling behaviour. Pathological gamblers had higher boredom proneness scores that non gamblers - making them more likely to relapse.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The role of genetics - Vink et al (2005): Dutch twin pairs, initiation was 44% down to genetics.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Effects of nicotine -Vink et al nicotine dependence down to genetics by 75%. The Dopamine Hypothesis - Nicotine creates dopamine meaning the brain becomes dependent - mesolimbic memory created - down regulation, feeling normal rather than better.

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