Psychology

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  • Created by: leona
  • Created on: 22-10-13 14:47
Why did Milgram create his study?
To show whether there is an obedient type or whether this type of obedience is something we are all capable of in certain circumstances : individual vs situation explanations
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What was Milgram's aim?
To investigate what level of obedience would be shown when subjects were told by an authority figure to administer electric shocks to another person
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What was the research method?
Lab, observational
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What were the IVs?
None
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What were the DVs?
How many volt shocks they gave / obedience
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Describe the sample
40 males between 20 and 50 from New Haven, USA, who came from a range of occupations and backgrounds
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Describe the sampling technique
Recruited by newspaper. Volunterr sample who were paid £4.50
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Describe the shock generator
30 switches from 15 volt to 450 volts. Labelled to look real, little jumps in switches so it didn't look too harmful, labeled switches from slight shock to ***, lighted up and sounded real
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What are the advantages of a lab experiment?
Strict procedure that is replicable and hs high control
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What are the advantages of the task?
Tested obedience and gave quantative and qualatitive data
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What are the disadvantages of a lab experiment?
Artificial setting could change behaviour
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What are the disadvantages of the task?
Unethical as they went through stress and immoral experiment as it was exteme
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What are the advantages of the sample and sampling method
Large age rage, cheap and easy, representative of the target population of new haven
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What are the disadvantages of the sample and sampling method?
Gender bias, minority of population, ethnocentric, share a characteristic
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Summarise the reliability of the experiment
Standardised proceduce, repeated many ties with men, women and other ages and he got similar results, reconstruction had similar results
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Summarise the validy of the experiment
Context out of ordinary, extreme tasks and extreme measure of obedience, not an everyday situation. Everything looked real so it was a valid measure of that obedience. Some realised it wasn't real
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Compare quantative and qualitative
Quantative allows comparisons, is more reliable but lacks validity and no meaning behind the reasons. Qualitative has more information on what ps went through and is more valid but it can't be easily analysed or compared
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Summarise the ethical issues
They were decieved as they thought they were really giving shocks, no right to withdraw as the experimenter prodded them to continue, they were very stressed and not proteced. No informated consent as a cover story was used. Were debriefed though.
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How useful was the experiment?
Showed how ordinary people are affected by authority, shows individuals may chose what to obey, shows situartions affect behaviour but it was artificial.
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Describe the procedure?
-
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What were the results?
-
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What were the conclusions?
-
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was Milgram's aim?

Back

To investigate what level of obedience would be shown when subjects were told by an authority figure to administer electric shocks to another person

Card 3

Front

What was the research method?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the IVs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the DVs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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