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What is the assumption of the psychodynamic approach? (T+C, F)
Many important influences on behaviour comfrom a part of the mind individuals have no awareness of (the unconcious)
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How would the psychodynamic approach explain phobias
Freud says phobias develop with infant sexuality
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How would the psychodynamic approach explain multiple personality
Thigpen and Cleckley note that Eves inner conflicts and early childhood experiences had led to the development of her multiple personalities
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Similarity between Freud and Thigpen and cleckley
Both case studies
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Difference between the studies
Thigpen and Cleckley met Eve, Freud only met Hans once, data was collected by his dad
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A strength of the psychodynamic approach
it has higlighted the psychological causes of abnormal behaviour (THIPEN OR FREUD) therefore the approach is useful for treating mental disorders with therapy not drugs
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Another strength of the psychodynamic approach
Tends to be a case study method, collected both qualitative and quantitative research (FREUD OR THIGPEN) this approach collects indepth data avalible for other psychologists in a similar case
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One weakness of the psychodynamic approach
the concepts are difficult to test scientifically (THIGPEN OR FREUD) without these objective measures it is difficult for explanations to be accepted into society as they lack validity
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Another weakness of psychodynamic approach
Focuses on very small samples (THIGPEN OR FREUD) not representative and the conclusions cannot generalise
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The aim of Griffiths study
to investigate to cognitive biases held by regular gamblers on fruit machines
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What does Heuristics mean
a set of basic rules for solving problems
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Design and independant variables
Quasi-experiment. the IV- the regularity of gambling and had two conditions- regular or non-regular gamblers. DV- Win rate, total plays, play time, end stake
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Participants?
30 regular and 30 non regular gamblers, recruited with posters around Plymouth uni- MATCHED PAIRS DESIGN ONLY ON NON-REGULARS
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Data collection methods
self report- semi structured interviews/ Observations- Thinking aloud
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Procedure of Griffiths
Each gambler was given £3 to gamble on a fruit machine- 30 free plays, randomly assigned to thinking aloud or non thinking aloud group recored into a dictaphone
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Results
regular gamblers had higher play rate, RG stayed on the machines longer, RG made more personifying of the machine, NRG spoke of confusion and nonunderstanding
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Discussion of Griffiths
Suggests that gambling functions as a lesiure activity and form of escapisim. The main difference is its more cognitive- RG personifying the machine
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Card 2

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How would the psychodynamic approach explain phobias

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Freud says phobias develop with infant sexuality

Card 3

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How would the psychodynamic approach explain multiple personality

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Similarity between Freud and Thigpen and cleckley

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Difference between the studies

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