Psychology quiz cards

What are the three definitions of abnormality?
Deviation from Social norms, Failure to function, Ideal mental health
1 of 42
Give one limitation for each definition of abnormality
Jahoda's six criteria, Cultural Relativism, Subjective
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Who came up with Failure to function?
Rosenham and Seligman
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Give two of Jahoda's six criteria
Mastering environment, Fulfilling potential
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What is the assumption for the Biological model?
Caused by Biological disfunction's to the body
5 of 42
What are the to neurotransmitters?
Seratonin, Dopamine
6 of 42
Depression can be caused by ?
Low levels of Seratonin
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Give limitations of the biological model?
Drug addiction, Reductionist, Masks Problem
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Give strengths of the biological model?
Takes blame off patient, quick, does work
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What is the assumption of the Behavioural model?
Abnormality is learned from our environment
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What does Classical conditioning assume?
Abnormality is learned through association
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Give a study into Classical conditioning
Little Albert (Watson + Rayner) Phobias are learned
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What does Operant conditioning assume?
Abnormality is learned through positive or negative rienforcement
13 of 42
Give a study into Operant conditioning
Skinners Rat
14 of 42
What does Social learning assume?
Abnormality is leaned through imitation or copying
15 of 42
Give a study into Social learning
Banduras BOBO doll
16 of 42
GIve two limitations of the behaviours model?
Many studies done on animals so can't be fully generalised, Requires treatment and motivation for treatment
17 of 42
Give two strengths of the behaviours model?
Treatments are proven to be effective, studies are highly controlled and scientific
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What does the Cognitive model assume?
Mental illness stems from irrational thinking (faulty thinking)
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What did Albert Ellis come up with?
ABC model. Activating events, Beliefs, Consequences
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What do you have to do to cure someone of this illness?
Change thoughts from irrational to rational (REBT)
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Give two limitations of the Cognitive model?
Blames patient, does faulty thoughts cause mental illness or does mental illness cause faulty thoughts
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Give two strengths of the Cognitive model?
Therapy is successful, very influential
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What is the assumption of the Psychodynamic model?
Get mental illness if you get stuck in one of the early childhood stages or your Ego is dominated by Superego or ID
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Name the three personalities of the Psychodynamic model?
ID,Ego,Superego
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What is the ID?
Present at birth, Desires wants needs, results in anxiety and tension
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What is the Ego?
Deals with reality, developed from ID, unconscious mind, discharges tension
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What is the Superego?
Holds our internal morals and standards, comes from parents and society
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Name the three Psychosexual stages
Oral, Anal,Phallic
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What is the Oral stages
0-18 month, interaction through mouth (taste, sucking,eating)
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What is the Anal stage?
0-3 years, controlling bladder and bowel movements
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What is the Phallic stage?
3-6 years, discover difference between male/female, sees father as rival for mothers affection, fears punishment from father for feelings
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Give two limitations of the Psychodynamic model?
Non falsifiable (psychology is not a science), Long term treatment, lots of commitment before hand
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Give two strengths of the Psychodynamic model?
Takes blame from patient, widely accepted
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What is the assumption for the systematic desensitisation (treatment)?
Treatment for classical conditioning, mental illness can be unlearned!!!,treats new response
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What are the three stages of systematic desensitisation?
Function Analysis, Relaxation Training, Gradual Exposure
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How does Function Analysis work?
Create fear hierarchy
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How does Relaxation Training work?
Taught to control breathing, relaxation of muscles, inner voice (positive statements)
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How does Gradual Exposure work?
Fier hierarchy and relaxation training put into place
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what are the two types of Gradual Exposure and how are they different?
Invitro: images,imagination (this is mostly used put it is quite hard), Invivo: real life (helps relapse rate but there are ethical issues about it)
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Give three Limitations of systematic desensitisation?
Commitment, can increase anxiety in some patients, is it really looking at root problem (irrational thinking)
41 of 42
Give two Strengths of systematic desensitisation?
Takes blame from patient, no side effects
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give one limitation for each definition of abnormality

Back

Jahoda's six criteria, Cultural Relativism, Subjective

Card 3

Front

Who came up with Failure to function?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give two of Jahoda's six criteria

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the assumption for the Biological model?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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