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Peterson & Peterson - STM Duration
Used consonant syllables, with no meaning, to be remembered by participants. They found that the STM has a limited duration i.e.- the longer the interval, the worse the recall levels
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Miller - STM Capacity
Responsible for identifying the capacity of the STM. 7 +/- 2 items. We remeber 5 words as easily as 5 letters, most often using the 'chunking' method.
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Atkinson & Shiffrin - MSM
Created the 'MSM' of Memory. Identified 3 main stores with processes in between.
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Sperling - Sensory Store
Used a grid of random letters and number to be recalled. Evidence for limited duration of the Sensory Store. The least you have to remember, the better the recall
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Glanzer & Cunitz - Serial Position Curve
Serial Position Curve. Words at the start of a list transferred to LTM. Words at the end are still in Sensory/STM.
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HM - Case Study
Evidence for numerous Memory Stores. Could not form new Long-term memories after an operation. Couldn't remember a task, despite showing evidence of improvement.
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Baddeley & Hitch - WMM
Created the 'WMM' of Memory. More detailed than the 'MSM' and a lot more evidence towards this Model.
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Baddeley - Dual Tasks
Gave participants two tasks simultaneously. Found that doing two tasks that involved the same components causes more difficulty.
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Baddeley - Phonological Loop
Found that words are easier to remember if they are shorter. The optimal length are words that you can pronounce in 2 seconds.
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Baddeley - Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad
Given two tasks involving Spatial Awareness. Task 1 was to follow a light around a room. The second task was either verbal/spatial. Two spatial tasks proved more difficult.
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Baddeley - Episodic Buffer
Found words that had some sort of meaning to a participant, were easier to remember and recall than words with no meaning.
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Bunge - Central Executive
Used fMRI scans to detect brain activity. Found larger activity during multiple tasks. Shows limited capacity of the Central Executive
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Responsible for identifying the capacity of the STM. 7 +/- 2 items. We remeber 5 words as easily as 5 letters, most often using the 'chunking' method.

Back

Miller - STM Capacity

Card 3

Front

Created the 'MSM' of Memory. Identified 3 main stores with processes in between.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Used a grid of random letters and number to be recalled. Evidence for limited duration of the Sensory Store. The least you have to remember, the better the recall

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Serial Position Curve. Words at the start of a list transferred to LTM. Words at the end are still in Sensory/STM.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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