Psychology: Unit 2 - Further Research Methods

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Questionnaire
A set of standard questions about a topic that is given to all the participants in the survey.
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Survey
A method used for collecting information from a large number of people by asking them questions, either by using a questionnaire or in an interview.
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Closed Question
A question where the possible responses are fixed, often as 'yes' or 'no' options.
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Open Question
A question where the person answering can give any response they like.
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Unambiguous
Something that has only one meaning.
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Interview
A method in which a researcher collects data by asking questions directly.
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Interviewee
The person/respondent who answers the questions in an interview.
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Structured Interview
An interview in which all the questions are pre-set, given in a fixed order and every interviewee is asked the same questions.
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Unstructured Interview
An interview in which only the first question is set and all the other questions are determined by the answers of the interviewee.
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Natural Observation
Watching the behaviour of people who are in their usual environment.
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Observation Study
A method of collecting information about behaviour by watching and recording people's behaviour.
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Categories Of Behaviour
The seperate actions that are recorded as examples of the target behaviour.
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Inter-Observer Reliability
When this is high, the records made by more than one observer in a study are considered to be accurate because they match or are very similar to each other.
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Case Study
An in-depth investigation of an individual, a small group or an organisation.
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Relationship
A connection between two or more variables.
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Correlation
A technique used by researchers to establish the strength of a relationship between two variables.
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Scatter Graph
A graph for representing correlations.
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Positive Correlation
A relationship between two variables in which, as the value of one variable increases, the value of the other variable also increases.
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Negative Correlation
A relationship between two variables in which, as the value of one variable increases, the value of the other variable decreases.
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No Correlation
There is no relationship between the two variables.
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Prediction
A statement about what will happen, made before the event occurs.
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Card 2

Front

A method used for collecting information from a large number of people by asking them questions, either by using a questionnaire or in an interview.

Back

Survey

Card 3

Front

A question where the possible responses are fixed, often as 'yes' or 'no' options.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A question where the person answering can give any response they like.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Something that has only one meaning.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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