Psychology Unit 2- Definition

Learning
Relatively permanent change in behaviour that is due to experiences
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Unconditional Response
Behaviour which has no control- behaviour is automatic
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Unconditional Stimulus
Anything that causes an unconditioned response
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Conditional Stimulus
Stimulus is presented with the unconditioned stimulus
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Conditional Response
Response occurs when conditioned stimulus is presented
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Neutral Stimulus
Stimulus that does not produce no specific response
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Positive Reinforcement
Leads to behaviour that is repeated because the consequences have been positive and individual finds it rewarding
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Negative Reinforcement
Takes place when our behaviour stops something nasty happening
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Punishment
A consequence that weakens behaviour
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Conformity
Change in belief or behaviour due to real or imagined group pressure
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Normative Social Influence
When we want to be liked by the other people in a group; we want to be accepted by them
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Informational Social Influence
Using the behaviour of people around us for information when we are in an ambiguous situation and are unsure of how to act- copy their behaviour
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Obedience
Following an order, instruction or command which is given by a figure of authority
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Social Loafing
People put less effort into a task that is being performed with others
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Deindividuation
Loss of self-awareness and sense of personal responsibility that occurs in members of a crowd
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Bystander Behaviour
Bystander apathy and bystander intervention
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Bystander Apathy
Bystander does not help the person in need
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Bystander Intervention
Bystander does help the person in need
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Diffusion of Responsibility
More bystanders that witness an incident- less likely one of them helps
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Pluralistic Ignorance
Each bystander takes no action and misleads the others into defining the incident as a non-emergency
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Sex
Biological aspects of the individual
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Sex Identitiy
Biological status of being male or female
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Gender
Psychological & cultural aspects of maleness or femaleness
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Gender Identity
Our sense of being male or female
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Retrospective Data
Data obtained from person's memories
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Case Study
Detailed study of an individual
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Aggression
Antisocial behaviour; generally considered to be behaviour that harms, or intends to harm, someone/something
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Behaviour which has no control- behaviour is automatic

Back

Unconditional Response

Card 3

Front

Anything that causes an unconditioned response

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Stimulus is presented with the unconditioned stimulus

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Response occurs when conditioned stimulus is presented

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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