Psychology Unit 2- Aggression

HideShow resource information
Define Aggression
behaviour that is intended to harm or hurt another individual either physically or verbally, or is intended to destroy property..
1 of 26
Define anger
a feeling of aggression
2 of 26
Define violence
a physical or verbal act on aggression
3 of 26
Define the biological approach of aggression
people were born aggressive due to hormones, brain disease and chromosomal abnormality
4 of 26
Define how hormones are linked to aggression
high levels of aggression is linked to high levels of a certain hormones such as testosterone.
5 of 26
Define how chromosomal abnormality has an affect on aggression
some males have an extra Y chromosome on the 23rd pair, called XYY syndrome.
6 of 26
Define how brain disease has an affect on aggression
some aggression can stem of brain disease or damage e.g.- damage to the limbic system especially the amygdala.
7 of 26
What did the psychodynamic theory believe about aggression
believes that aggression is innate and is caused by internal factors of Thanatos ' the death drive '
8 of 26
Define Id
the id is split into eros and Thanatos (impulsive+unconscious which responds directly and immediately to the instincts.
9 of 26
Define Ego
conscious part of the personality where it balances the id+superego, its part of the decision making components of personality
10 of 26
Define Superego
develops from morality (learn right from wrong) its function is to control the Id's compulses
11 of 26
Define the frustration-aggression hypothesis
our aggressive instinct and frustration is triggered by something
12 of 26
What does the social learning theory believe about aggression
suggests that aggression is a learnt behaviour through imitation, modelling, observation and vicarious reinforcement
13 of 26
Define modelling
imitating the action of someone who provides an example of how to behave in certain situations
14 of 26
Define punishment in the social learning theory
an action that weakens the behaviour because its unpleasant
15 of 26
Define monitoring in the social learning theory
we are judging whether our own behaviour is appropriate or not
16 of 26
Define the limbic system
a complex system of nerves in the brain involved with the mood
17 of 26
Define eros
life instinct (sex,food+pleasure)
18 of 26
Define thanatos
the 'death drive' (thrill seeking, risky and a self destructive behaviour)
19 of 26
Example of a case study where someone had a brain disease
Charles Whitman
20 of 26
Define displacement
being aggressive to other people
21 of 26
Define sublimation
channelling the energy into acceptable activities like rugby or boxing
22 of 26
Define a scapegoat
who you take your frustration out on a 'safe' person
23 of 26
How to reduce aggression biologically
drugs or psychosurgery
24 of 26
How to reduce aggression through the psychodynamic theory
sublimnation (putting aggressive energy into sport) or catharsis (watching violence on TV)
25 of 26
How to reduce aggression through the social learning theory
by observing models who are behaving in non aggressive ways
26 of 26

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define anger


a feeling of aggression

Card 3


Define violence


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Define the biological approach of aggression


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Define how hormones are linked to aggression


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Aggression resources »