Psychology: Unit 1 - Development Of Personality

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Personality
The thoughts, feelings and behaviours that make an individual unique.
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Temperament
The genetic component of personality.
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Longitudinal Study
A study carried out to show how behaviour changes over time.
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Monozygotic Twins
Twins developed from one fertilised egg. (They are genetically identical.)
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Dizygotic Twins
Twins developed from two seperately fertilised eggs.
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Type Theory
Personality types are thought to be inherited. They can be described using related traits.
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Extroversion
A personality type that describes people who look to the outside world for entertainment.
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Introversion
A personality type that describes people who are content with their own company.
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Neuroticism
A personality type that describes people who are highly emotional and show a quick, intense reaction to fear.
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Personality Scales
Ways of measuring personality using yes/no questions.
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Psychoticism
A third dimension indentified by Eysenck. People who score high on this dimension are hostile, aggressive, insensitive and cruel.
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Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD)
A condition in which the individual does not use socially acceptable behaviour or consider the rights of others.
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DSM-IV TR
Lists different mental disorder and the criteria for diagnosing them.
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Amygdala
Part of the brain involved in emotion.
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Grey Matter (Cerebral Cortex)
The outer layer of the brain.
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Prefrontal Cortex
The very front of the brain. It is involved in social and moral behaviour and controls aggression.
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Socioeconomic Factors
Social and financial issues that can affect an individual.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The genetic component of personality.

Back

Temperament

Card 3

Front

A study carried out to show how behaviour changes over time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Twins developed from one fertilised egg. (They are genetically identical.)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Twins developed from two seperately fertilised eggs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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