Psychology Unit 1

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  • Created by: AshleyUW
  • Created on: 01-06-16 12:42
Define input.
The process of data entry.
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Define encoding.
The process in which data is changed into another format.
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Define storage.
The process in which information is held, ready to be used at a later date.
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Define retrieval.
The process in which information is located and taken out of storage.
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Define output.
The process of using data after it has been retrieved.
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What is meant by accessibility problems?
Problems associated with retrieving information in storage.
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What is meant by availability problems?
Problems associated with information no longer being stored.
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Name the 3 stores of the multi-store model of memory.
Sensory memory, shot-term memory, and long-term memory.
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What is the capacity and duration capable by the short-term memory?
Capacity=7 to 9 pieces of information/Duration=15 to 25 seconds
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What is the capacity and duration capable by the long-term memory?
Capacity= Infinite pieces of information/Duration= Unlimited amount of time
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Define decay.
The fading of information over time until it is forgotten.
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Define displacement.
The process by which information is "shut out" of storage by new information, and so becomes forgotten.
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What is meant by maintenance rehearsal?
Repeating information so that it stays in storage, either temporarily or permanently.
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What is meant by shallow processing?
Only encoding information based on it's physical characteristics.
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What is meant by deep processing?
Coding information for meaning.
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Why is mind mapping thought to be effective?
Because they are supposed to reflect the way that memory is organised.
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Define secure attachment.
When a child and caregiver have a relationship built on trust and security - the child wants to interact with them.
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Define insecure avoidant attachment.
When the child and caregiver have a relationship that is quite independent of one another.
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Define insecure ambivalent attachment.
When the child can be demanding of the caregiver, yet awkward with them at the same time.
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Define monotropy.
An attachment to one primary caregiver.
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What is meant by the critical period?
The 1st three years of a child's life, when attachment has to take place or there will be consequences.
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Define privation.
When a child forms no attachment to a caregiver.
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Define deprivation.
When a child has an attachment to a caregiver, but this attachment is then broken by separation.
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What impact did infant attachment types have on adult relationships?
Secure - Happy and supportive relationships. Avoidant - Afraid of intimacy, prone to jealousy. Ambivalent - Prone to obsession, extreme attraction.
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Define defiance.
Resisting orders from people in authority.
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What is meant by denial of responsibility?
Blaming actions on a higher authority rather than accepting the blame.
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Define setting.
The physical environment in which something takes place.
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Define culture.
A way of life made up of a set of rules, standards, and expectations.
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Define consensus.
When everybody agrees on something.
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Define dispositional factors.
Factors associated with an individual's personality.
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What is an authoritarian personality?
A personality type that is prone to obedience.
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What 3 uniforms did Bickman test with?
A guard, a milkman, and a civilian.
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Define atypical behaviour.
A behaviour which is considered abnormal, usually applying to the minority.
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Define agoraphobia.
A fear of public spaces.
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Define school phobia.
A fear of attending/being at school.
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Define social phobia.
A fear of being exposed or embarrassed during social contact.
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Define acrophobia.
A fear of heights.
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Define arachnophobia.
A fear of spiders.
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What is meant by classical conditioning?
Learning via association, so that stimuli are associated with a response.
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What does the evolutionary theory believe?
That animals have evolved over time and instinctively behave in ways that allow them to survive and reproduce.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define encoding.


The process in which data is changed into another format.

Card 3


Define storage.


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Define retrieval.


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Define output.


Preview of the front of card 5
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