psychology topic a (how do we see the world)

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what is the differenc between vision and perception?
Vision is the process of detecting light from objects – it is a biological process. Whereas perception is theway we make sense of a visual image – it is a psychological process that helps us to make sense of the image.
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what are the two types of retina cells?
Rods and Cones
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____ are sensitive to light and respond to movement. They will respond even in very dim light. They are found mainlyaround the edge of the retina.
RODS
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What are mainly found in the centre of the retina, in a special area just opposite the pupil (fovea). They help us to see clearly and in detail
CONES
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what can detect different colours of light? (cones or rods)
CONES
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why dont we notice our blind spot?
because the two blind spots don’t overlap so even if one eye can’t see something, the other one can.
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Is vision a psychological or biological process?
BIOLOGICAL
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What cells respond even in very dim light?
RODS
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Perceptual processes happen in which part of the brain?
visual cortex.
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what is Superimposition?
it is when their is a object in front of another object and it tells us the object we see fully is closer.
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what is Relative size?
A closer object makes a bigger image on the retina than a distant one
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what is Texture Gradient?
Most objects and surfaces, such as walls, roads and fields of flowers have a texture. As an object or surfacegets further away from us, the texture gets finer and appears smoother.
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what is Linear perspective?
Parallel lines in the real world never meet, they stay the same the distant apart.Imagine that you are looking at a very long straight road. What seems to happen is that the road appearsto get narrower in the distance. The edges seem to get closer
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what is height in the plane?
In general, things lower in the scene are closer, those which are higher up arefurther away.
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what is this? (PIC)
FICTIONS A fiction illusion occurs when you perceive a shape that is not there.
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what is this? (PIC)
After effects They are like fictions because they are involve perceiving something likemovement or a shape that is not in the stimulus.
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what is this? (PIC)
Ambiguous figures The Necker Cube
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what is this? (PIC)
Distortions Ponzo illusion Distortions occur when our perception is deceived by some aspect of the stimulus.
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what is gregorys theroy?
When faced with an unusual or incomplete visual image, we draw inferences as to what we are viewing. We rely on top-down processing.
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what was palmers aim?
To find out whether context would affect perception.
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what is Serial reproduction?
task where a piece of information is passed from one participant to the next in a chain or series. Differences between each version are measured.
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what is Repeated reproduction?
a task where the participant is given a story or picture to remember. They then recall it several times, after time delays. Differences between each version are measured.
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print out their studies
print out their studies
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Card 2

Front

what are the two types of retina cells?

Back

Rods and Cones

Card 3

Front

____ are sensitive to light and respond to movement. They will respond even in very dim light. They are found mainlyaround the edge of the retina.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are mainly found in the centre of the retina, in a special area just opposite the pupil (fovea). They help us to see clearly and in detail

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what can detect different colours of light? (cones or rods)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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