Psychology theorists

  • Created by: Fxck_ambz
  • Created on: 16-04-18 23:19
schacter, gilbert, wegner, hood 2016
personality is an individuals style of behaving , thinking and feeling
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larsen 2013, wismeijer & song 2017
the set of traits within the indivdiual that is organised and relatively enduring and influence his or her interaction with and adaptations to the intraphysic, physical and social environments.
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funder 2004
people are psychologically different and these differences matter
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smith,carroll, rankin & rowan 1992
graveyard obelisk, life outcome data
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walter mischel 1968
observed that personaliy traits dont predict how individuals will behave well-enough. 1) situations more influentual 2) do you behave due to a situation you are in or your personality.
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16 personality factors
cattell 1965
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PEN model
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big 5
goldberg 1990
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5 factor model
costa and mcrae 1985
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ashton and lee 2001
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catell's 16 personality factory
1965-factor analysis - lexical approach used to identify 16 basic behaviour factors
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eysenck PEN model
theoretical & statistical approach. individuals vary in 2 dimensions. (extraversion and neuroticism. the third trait was added. (psychoticism)
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what are the three PEN model traits
psychoticism - bold, egocentric, antisocial. neuroticism- tense, shy, moody. extraversion-energetic, carefree, dominant. heirachal structure (super-trait, narrow trait, habitual acts.) unique- biological basis to this model e.g. arousal levels
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the big five goldberg 1990
lexical and statistical approach. no comments on biological basis. 1) surgency, 2) agreeableness, 3) conscientiousness 4) emotional staibility, 5) intellect
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the five factor model
costa & mcrae 1985- theoretical and statistical approach. traits are heritable. factors have six subcategories
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hexaco model
ashton and lee 2001-6 factors (honesty and humility the new factors.)
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henderson 1982
25,000 twin study. extraversion-heritability of .60 neuroticism- heritability of .54
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penderson 1993
adoption study (biological parents, biological children. extraversion: heritability of .40. neuroticism : heritability of .30
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reimann, angelina, shelau 1997
1000 twin pairs. correlation on the 5 factor model of personality between Mz and Dz twins reared together and the heritability estimate
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franz gall 1800s
studied individuals character through morphing of the skull claims to be a science based on observation. problematic : correlation between brain size and skull size is not high led to localisation
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sheldons physiological approach
links body types- ecotomorph-skinny (introverted and thoughtful) mesomorph - muscular (assertive, bold) endomorph - fatty (sociable, fun loving.
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eysenck theory
evidence to support the theory. no different in EEG during resting, no stimulation found but response to introverts found. not about resting level but about the response
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grays reinforcement sensitivity theory
behaviourist, classical, operant conditioning linked to learning, motivation, emotion
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what are the three systems? BIS, BAS, Freeze System
Behavioural Inhibition System-comparable to extraversion- Approach behaviour. Behavioural Inhibition System- linked to neuroticisms -Avoidance behaviours. Freeze system- flight, fight , freeze system response to unconditioned and conditioned stimul
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cloningers tridimensional personality model
(neurotransmitters) dopamine- pleasure neurotransmitters. serotonin - linked to mood. norephinephrine activated during fight or flight level of the 3 related to novelty seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence
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Enzymes. Monamine oxidase. sensation seeking breaks down neural synapes after impulse transmission. right amount of enzyme is needed. too little enzyme too much neurotransmitter so the signal is strong. high thrill seekers.
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larsen 2013, wismeijer & song 2017


the set of traits within the indivdiual that is organised and relatively enduring and influence his or her interaction with and adaptations to the intraphysic, physical and social environments.

Card 3


funder 2004


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Card 4


smith,carroll, rankin & rowan 1992


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Card 5


walter mischel 1968


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