Psychology - Social Influence

HideShow resource information
Briefly describe the 3 types of conformity.
Compliance (agree to gain approval); Internalisation (acceptance of views); Identification (accept to be associated with another person/group).
1 of 25
Briefly describe the 2 explanations for conformity.
Normative SI (gain approval & avoid censure - conformity); Informational SI (accepts info from others as evidence about reality - internalisation).
2 of 25
What evidence supports conformity?
Linkenbach & Perkins - peers influence smoking = to fit in.
3 of 25
What evidence challenges conformity?
Difficult to distinguish between compliance & internalisation - acceptance dissipates in private as info forgotten.
4 of 25
What 3 variables affect conformity according to Asch's study?
Group size; Unanimity of the majority; Difficulty of the task.
5 of 25
What evidence challenges Asch's study?
Perrin & Spencer (historical validity); Unconvincing confederates - invalid results.
6 of 25
What evidence supports Zimbardo's Study?
Same social role effect found in Abu Ghraib military prison - misuse of power.
7 of 25
What evidence challenges Zimbardo's Study?
Unethical - participants experienced distress; Reicher & Haslam used same set-up - less harm.
8 of 25
What situational factors affect obedience according to Milgram's Study?
Proximity (teacher & learner in same room); Location; Power of uniform.
9 of 25
What evidence challenges Milgram's Study?
Ethical issues; Internal validity (lack of realism); Historical validity.
10 of 25
What is the agentic state?
Where an individual feels no responsibility for carrying out the actions the authority dictates (guilt-free & fear of being rude).
11 of 25
What is the legitimacy of authority?
The person who is perceived to be in a position of social control.
12 of 25
What evidence supports the explanations for obedience?
Legitimate authority figures seen in real-life obedience (e.g. policemen).
13 of 25
What evidence challenges the explanations for obedience?
Lifton - agentic state fails to explain gradual & irreversible transition (doctors at Auschwitz).
14 of 25
What is the authoritarian personality?
Dispositional explanation on why some obey under little pressure - high scores on F scale (right-wing).
15 of 25
What did Elms & Milgram do & discover?
Interviewed 20 high & 20 low F-scale participants on childhood; Higher obedience among high F-scale.
16 of 25
What evidence supports the authoritarian personality?
Dambrun & Vatine - informed participants shocks were fake, higher levels of RWA obeyed most.
17 of 25
What evidence challenges the authoritarian personality?
Many fully obedient had good relationships with parents - authoritarianism not only cause of obedience.
18 of 25
What are the explanations to resisting social influence?
Social support (helps defiant behaviour); Locus of control (internal = we can control events in our life, external = what happens is determined by external factors).
19 of 25
What evidence supports the explanations to resisting social influence?
Social support = Asch's study replicated - 1st position = correct answer); Locus of control = Higher external - more easily influenced.
20 of 25
What evidence challenges the explanations to resisting social influence?
Social support = valid support has more impact; Locus of control = people more external than they used to be - tendency to blame misfortunes.
21 of 25
What 3 aspects does minority influence need?
Consistency; Commitment; Flexibility.
22 of 25
What are the 5 stages of minority influence?
Attention to the issue; Cognitive conflict; Consistency of position; Augmentation principle (willing to suffer); Snowball effect (tipping point).
23 of 25
What evidence supports minority influence?
Research shows that if confederates compromise, influences can be exerted.
24 of 25
What evidence challenges minority influence?
Mackie - majority are likely to create greater message processing (people don't waste time & money with minority's message).
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Briefly describe the 2 explanations for conformity.

Back

Normative SI (gain approval & avoid censure - conformity); Informational SI (accepts info from others as evidence about reality - internalisation).

Card 3

Front

What evidence supports conformity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What evidence challenges conformity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What 3 variables affect conformity according to Asch's study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Conformity resources »