psychology- social influence

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conformity
yielding to group pressure
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internalisation
the acceptance of the groups point of view when individual then believes their opinion wrong and the group is right. THE CONFORMITY IS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
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identification
influences effect the individual as they want to establish a relationship with the group and be a part of it. ELEMENTS OF COMPLIANCE AND INTERNALISATION
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compliance
engage in social comparison to fit in. THE CONFORMITY IS PUBLIC NOT PRIVATE
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informational social influence
conformity due to superior knowledge of others. EXPLAINS INTERNALISATION
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normaive social influence
conformity due to wanting to be liked and appear normal by other group members. e.g peers. EXPLAINS COMPLIANCE
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group size
used 1-3 partcipants in Asch's study rather than 6-8 to test if conformity increased or descreased, smaller group 31.8% didn't conform originall it was 25%
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unanimity
this was the idea that one of the confederates agreed with the participants, originally 75% conformed this dropped to 25%
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task difficultly
as task difficulty increased the amount of those who conformed increased. The stimulus line and comparison line were made more smilar in length
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social roles
the 'parts' people may as various members of social groups. These are accompained by expectations that we have of ourselves and what other people think of us
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obedience
yielding to direct orders from another person
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situational variables
milgram believed factors influences partcipants level of obedience related to external circumstances
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proximity
separate rooms= 65%, teacher and learner in the same room= 40%, touch proximity participants force learns hand on shock plate= 30%, experimenter gave orders over the phone 20%
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location
original study look place in yale university, they moved it to a run down building. Conformity dropped to 47.5% from the original 65%
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uniform
milgram was in a lab coat but was called away at the beginning of the experiment and replaced with a member of the public. Obedience dropped to 20%
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agentic state
we have two states of consciousness. AGENTIC STATE AND AUTONOMOUS STATE. We believe we have/feel no responsibility for our actions as we are doing something on behalf of an authority figure
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legtimacy of authority
experience teaches us that authorities are genuinly trustworthy and genuine
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dispositional explanation
only explanation of behaviour that highlights the importance of the individuals personality
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authoritarian personaility
a type of personality that Adorno argued was especially susceptitle to obeying people in authority. Such individuals are also thought to be submissive to those of higher status and dismissive of inferiors
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resistance to social influence
refers to the ability of people to withstand the social pressure to conform to the majority or to obey authoirty. This ability to withstan social pressure is infulenced by both situational and dispositional factors
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social support
the presence of people who resist pressures to confrom or obey can help others to do the same, act as models
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locus of control
personality dimension to see how much control we have in our life. 1-11 is external (you believe that you have little control for example fate or luck influence it) if you're 13-23, you're internal (you believe that you a lot of control)
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minority influence
takes place when an individual or small group of people influence the majoirty or larger groups to change their attitudes or behaviour towards an issue
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consistency
they must be consistent in order for people to believe them. Two types synchronic and diachronic
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commitment
the augmentation principle some minorties engage in risky behaviour to show their commitment to their cause and draws attention
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flexibility
minorities must be willing to adapt their point of view and accept reasonable and arguments must be non-dogmatic
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social influence
the process by which individuals and groups change each other attitudes and behaviour. Includes conformity, obedience and minority influence
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social change
when a whole society adopts a new belief or way of thinking which then widely becomes accepted as the norm
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the acceptance of the groups point of view when individual then believes their opinion wrong and the group is right. THE CONFORMITY IS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE

Back

internalisation

Card 3

Front

influences effect the individual as they want to establish a relationship with the group and be a part of it. ELEMENTS OF COMPLIANCE AND INTERNALISATION

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

engage in social comparison to fit in. THE CONFORMITY IS PUBLIC NOT PRIVATE

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

conformity due to superior knowledge of others. EXPLAINS INTERNALISATION

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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