psychology scientific method

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outline the 6 key features of science
controlled observation, objectivity, Falsifiability, Replicabilit, Testing theoretical predictions, Paradigm
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controlled observations
this involved manipulating one corm of independent variable in the participants environment but controlling the other extraneous variables; this allows the scientists to establish a cause and effect relationship
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objectivity
a measurement, according to Poppa should be highly objective; this is when It is free from personal prejudice or bias; Poppa argues it is impossible to be completely objective as it is driven by what you see, and Is thus prone to bias
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Falsifiability
a research theory must be supported by empirical evidence to allow it to be disproven; psychodynamic and evolutionary approaches are the only approaches that cannot be falsified
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Replicability
findings from obtained research must be replicable of repeatable; it would be hard to base a scientist on inconsistent findings. replicability tends to be greatest when experiments are controlled in a high form.
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outline the scientific process;
1. observation of subject matter 2. formulation of a theory 3. hypothesis construction 4. empirical methods 5. replication and validation of new knowledge through peer reviews
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what is a peer review
a peer review is the process by which researcher work before it appears formally in print it is a means of assessing the quality of psych research • the work of specialist is submitted to a qualified adjudicator - an editor - who in turn is a spec
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what are the issues surrounding a peer review
an issue with peer review is that it could be bias; reference may biased if they favour a different approach, editors can used feedback to cause problems for other psychologist can claim their own theories
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Card 2

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controlled observations

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this involved manipulating one corm of independent variable in the participants environment but controlling the other extraneous variables; this allows the scientists to establish a cause and effect relationship

Card 3

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objectivity

Back

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Card 4

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Falsifiability

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Card 5

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Replicability

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