Psychology of Religion

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What basic view do Freud and Jung share about the premise of God?
They both believe that God was a construct of the human mind
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How does this contract with the views of religious believers?
Religious believers would argue that God's existence can be proved by logic and empiricism
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What did Freud mean when he talked about religion as 'wish fulfilment'?
The human mind can create beliefs and images which will address its deepest needs and longings
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What 3 situations did he think religion helped people overcome?
Psychological conflict, conflict between nature, civilisation and helplessness, and fear of natural forces
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What sort of issues did Freud explore when he talked of 'inner psychological conflict'?
Collective neurotic illness, workings of unconscious mind, resulting from incompletely repressed traumatic memories, often sexual in nature - leading to his conclusion that religion is an illusion resulting from sexual difficulties.
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What were symptoms of neurosis according to Freud?
Hysteria, obsessions, anxieties and phobias
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When Freud was dealing with compulsive obsessive patients, what links did he make with other patients?
He noticed that religious patients were also quite obsessive about the object of their worship
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What part does 'ritual' play among both sets of patients?
It had a highly symbolic meaning for each set, not relevant to people on the outside, led to feelings of intense guilt if the rituals were not observed. He noted that both sets of patients had mixed feelings about the object of their attentions
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Card 2

Front

How does this contract with the views of religious believers?

Back

Religious believers would argue that God's existence can be proved by logic and empiricism

Card 3

Front

What did Freud mean when he talked about religion as 'wish fulfilment'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What 3 situations did he think religion helped people overcome?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What sort of issues did Freud explore when he talked of 'inner psychological conflict'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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