Psychology memory

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  • Created by: Polly0405
  • Created on: 05-04-16 12:50

1. Research - used fMRI scans, found pre-frontal cortex was activated when verbal and spatial tasks were performed together but not separately - suggests pre-frontal cortex is associated with central executive

  • Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
  • D'espositio et al (1995)
  • Baddeley et al (1975)
  • Gathercole and Baddeley (1993)
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2. Research - Dual task studies, participants followed moving dot of light, half had to describe the angles in a hollow letter 'f' at the same time, while the other half had to do a verbal task simultaneously. The second group did both tasks better.

  • Gathercole and Baddeley (1993)
  • Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
  • D'espositio et al (1995)
  • Baddeley et al (1975)

3. Info stored in a raw, unprocessed form in the SENSORY REGISTER, when attention is given the info passes into the SHORT TERM MEMORY, if not the info decays. Once in the STM, info much be REHEARSED to pass into the LONG TERM MEMORY

  • Working memory model
  • Multi-store model
  • Information-processing model
  • Definitions of anormality

4. Who added the episodic buffer to the WMM and in what year?

  • Logie, 2000
  • Baddeley, 2000
  • Logie, 1995
  • Tulving, 2001

5. Describe semantic LTM

  • explicit (conscious), personal experiences, initially coded in pre-frontal cortex but stored in neoortex, come together in hippocampus to form a memory episode
  • explicit (conscious), include general knowledge , concepts, meanings (e.g how to spell) initial coding is in the pre-frontal and temporal lobes
  • implicit (conscious), occur early in life and don't require much attention, e.g how to walk, talk, eat, etc

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