Psychology memory

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  • Created by: Polly0405
  • Created on: 05-04-16 12:50

1. What is the episodic buffer (WMM)

  • Integrates verbal and auditory info to help individuals process sounds into meanings
  • Intergrates visual, spatial and verbal info to form memory 'episodes' in the mind.
  • Element of mind which helps individuals to remember scenes from films etc
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2. Whatis the main component of the working memory model called and what does it do?

  • Phonological loop - processes movement and actions
  • The central executive - higher mental processes e.g. decision making and has overall control
  • Buffer - higher mental processes e.g. decision making and has overall control
  • The central executive - processes auditory info

3. Describe procedural LTM

  • implicit (conscious), occur early in life and don't require much attention, e.g how to walk, talk, eat, etc
  • explicit (conscious), personal experiences, initially coded in pre-frontal cortex but stored in neoortex, come together in hippocampus to form a memory episode
  • explicit (conscious), include general knowledge , concepts, meanings (e.g how to spell) initial coding is in the pre-frontal and temporal lobes

4. Who added the episodic buffer to the WMM and in what year?

  • Tulving, 2001
  • Baddeley, 2000
  • Logie, 2000
  • Logie, 1995

5. Research - Dual task studies, participants followed moving dot of light, half had to describe the angles in a hollow letter 'f' at the same time, while the other half had to do a verbal task simultaneously. The second group did both tasks better.

  • Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
  • D'espositio et al (1995)
  • Gathercole and Baddeley (1993)
  • Baddeley et al (1975)


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