Psychology memory

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  • Created by: Polly0405
  • Created on: 05-04-16 12:50

1. Research - Dual task studies, participants followed moving dot of light, half had to describe the angles in a hollow letter 'f' at the same time, while the other half had to do a verbal task simultaneously. The second group did both tasks better.

  • Baddeley et al (1975)
  • Gathercole and Baddeley (1993)
  • D'espositio et al (1995)
  • Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
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2. Research - used fMRI scans, found pre-frontal cortex was activated when verbal and spatial tasks were performed together but not separately - suggests pre-frontal cortex is associated with central executive

  • Baddeley et al (1975)
  • D'espositio et al (1995)
  • Gathercole and Baddeley (1993)
  • Baddeley and Hitch (1974)

3. Info stored in a raw, unprocessed form in the SENSORY REGISTER, when attention is given the info passes into the SHORT TERM MEMORY, if not the info decays. Once in the STM, info much be REHEARSED to pass into the LONG TERM MEMORY

  • Definitions of anormality
  • Information-processing model
  • Multi-store model
  • Working memory model

4. what are the two parts of the phonological loop and what do they each do?

  • phonological store - verbal info e.g. speech and articulatory loop - auditory info e.g articulatory processing
  • phonological store - auditory info e.g articulatory processing and articulatory loop - verbal info e.g speech
  • phonological loop - hearing and articulatory store - speaking/verbal info

5. Describe episodic LTM

  • explicit (conscious), include general knowledge , concepts, meanings (e.g how to spell) initial coding is in the pre-frontal and temporal lobes
  • explicit (conscious), personal experiences, initially coded in pre-frontal cortex but stored in neoortex, come together in hippocampus to form a memory episode
  • implicit (conscious), occur early in life and don't require much attention, e.g how to walk, talk, eat, etc


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