1. What is the episodic buffer (WMM)
- Integrates verbal and auditory info to help individuals process sounds into meanings
- Intergrates visual, spatial and verbal info to form memory 'episodes' in the mind.
- Element of mind which helps individuals to remember scenes from films etc
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2. Whatis the main component of the working memory model called and what does it do?
- Phonological loop - processes movement and actions
- The central executive - higher mental processes e.g. decision making and has overall control
- Buffer - higher mental processes e.g. decision making and has overall control
- The central executive - processes auditory info
3. Describe procedural LTM
- implicit (conscious), occur early in life and don't require much attention, e.g how to walk, talk, eat, etc
- explicit (conscious), personal experiences, initially coded in pre-frontal cortex but stored in neoortex, come together in hippocampus to form a memory episode
- explicit (conscious), include general knowledge , concepts, meanings (e.g how to spell) initial coding is in the pre-frontal and temporal lobes
4. Who added the episodic buffer to the WMM and in what year?
- Tulving, 2001
- Baddeley, 2000
- Logie, 2000
- Logie, 1995
5. Research - Dual task studies, participants followed moving dot of light, half had to describe the angles in a hollow letter 'f' at the same time, while the other half had to do a verbal task simultaneously. The second group did both tasks better.
- Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
- D'espositio et al (1995)
- Gathercole and Baddeley (1993)
- Baddeley et al (1975)