Psychology - Memory

What are the three main ways that information can be encoded?
Visual (Picture), Acoustic (Sound), Semantic (Meaning)
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What is the principle encoding system in the Short-Term Memory?
Acoustic coding
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What is the principle encoding system in the Long-Term Memory?
Semantic coding
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How many items did Miller (1956) suggest could be stored in the Short-Term Memory and why?
7 (+/-2) items because the Short-Term Memory only has a certain amount of slots to store information into
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What is the duration of the Short-Term Memory and the Long-Term Memory?
Short-Term Memory = 0-30 seconds, Long-Term Memory = A lifetime
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How is information stored and retrieved in the Short-Term Memory?
Sequentially (Going through a list in order to retrieve information)
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How is information stored and retrieved in the Long-Term Memory?
By association (Remembering something by visiting the source)
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A lot of experiments for memory are set in laboratories, why might this be a criticism?
Because the setting is artificial - It lacks ecological validity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the principle encoding system in the Short-Term Memory?

Back

Acoustic coding

Card 3

Front

What is the principle encoding system in the Long-Term Memory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many items did Miller (1956) suggest could be stored in the Short-Term Memory and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the duration of the Short-Term Memory and the Long-Term Memory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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