Psychology - Memory

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define eyewitness testimony
refers to an account given by an individual about an event they witnessed
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define encoding
format that the information is held in the memory e.g.:visual or sound
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define storage
holding information in the memory
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define retrieval
accessing the information from memory
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define a schema
mental structure that represents something in the word. changes over time depending on new experiences with new people, objects etc.
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define structural process
making judgments about physical appearances, how the word looks e.g.: capitals or lowercase
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define phonetic process
making a judgement about sound, deciding weather or not words rhythm with eachother
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define semantic processing
making a decision about the meaning of a word e.g.- does it fit into a sentence
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Evaluate Craik and Tulvings study
strength= lab experiment weakness= what the participants were asked to do is artificial
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Define retrograde Amnesia
when someone can't remember old information (before amnesia began)
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Define Anterograde amnesia
when someone can't remember new information (after amnesia began)
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define proactive interferance
when information already stored in the memory interferes with remembering similar new information
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define retroactive interference
when new information interferes with remembering old information
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Define context
suggests that you forget something unless you are in the same context/situation as you were when you learnt it
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Card 2


define encoding


format that the information is held in the memory e.g.:visual or sound

Card 3


define storage


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


define retrieval


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


define a schema


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