Attachment

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Reciprocity
Two people interacting and responding to each other's signals, and eliciting a response from each other
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Interactional Synchrony
Reflecting actions and emotions of each other in coordination (unison)
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Stages of Attachment
Characteristics of the infant's behaviour at specific ages
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Multiple Attachments
Attachments to two or more people
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Animal Studies
Studies carried out on animal species for ethical/practical reasons
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Learning Theory
Behaviourist approach - emphasises the role of learning in the acquisition of behaviour
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Monotropic
Bowlby's theory that one particular attachment is different and of central importance to the infant's development
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Internal Working Models
Mental representations of our attachment to our primary c/g. Carries perception of what relationships are like
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Critical Period
Time in which an attachment must form if it is to form at all (sensitive)
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Strange Situation
Controlled observation by Ainsworth designed to test attachment security
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Secure Attachment
Most desirable, moderate s/s anxiety and ease of comfort at reunion
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Insecure-Avoidant Attachment
Low anxiety but weak attachment. Low s/s anxiety and little response to reunion
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Insecure-Resistant Attachment
Strong attachment and high anxiety. High s/s anxiety and resistance to reunion comfort
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Cultural Variations
Differences in norms and values that exist between societies.
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Maternal Deprivation
Emotional and intellectual consequences of separation between infant and c/g. Prolonged separation = serious damage to development
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Institutionalisation
Effects of living in an institution eg hospital
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Orphan Studies
Children placed in care because parents cannot look after them
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Childhood Relationships
Affiliations with other people in childhood
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Adult Relationships
Relationships held in adulthood, including friendships, romantic relationships and working relationships
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Reflecting actions and emotions of each other in coordination (unison)

Back

Interactional Synchrony

Card 3

Front

Characteristics of the infant's behaviour at specific ages

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Attachments to two or more people

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Studies carried out on animal species for ethical/practical reasons

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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